To ascertain the claimed links between peripheral insulin resistance and intracellular magnesium and calcium concentrations, we measured free intralymphocyte magnesium (Mg(i)) and calcium (Ca(i)) concentrations, as well as the rate constant of plasma glucose disappearance (K(itt)) after insulin injection (insulin tolerance test: ITT), in a group of 15 normotensive control subjects (NC) and 29 essential hypertensive subjects (EH). Mg(i) and Ca(i) were measured in triplicate by means of a fluorimetric technique based on the dyes furaptra and fura-2 respectively. K(itt) value were significantly reduced in hypertensive subjects as compared to control subjects (M +/- SD, EH: 4.54 +/- 1.31 vs 5.63 +/- 1.07; p < 0.02; 95% confidence limits: 0.22-1.96). Mg(i) and Ca(i) were not statistically different in hypertensive subjects as compared to control subjects (Mg(i), NC: 0.274 +/- 0.02 mmol/L; EH: 0.248 +/- 0.05 mmol/L; Ca(i), NC: 47.6 +/- 9 mmol/L, EH: 46.7 +/- 13.6 mmol/L). A statistically significant inverse correlation was found in the whole study group between K(itt) and body mass index (R = -0.394, p = 0.01) and a statistically significant positive correlation between K(itt) and Mg(i) (R = 0.386; p = 0.012). The latter correlation was no longer statistically significant if adjusted for body mass index. Our data are in favour of a link between index of peripheral insulin resistance and body mass index. A dependence from Mg(i) is possible but the study lack so far the statistical power to demonstrate it.

[Peripheral insulin resistance and free intralymphocyte magnesium and calcium concentrations in patients with essential hypertension]

DELVA, Pietro;MONTESI, Germana;DEGAN, Maurizio;PALUANI, Francesca;LECHI, Alessandro
1997

Abstract

To ascertain the claimed links between peripheral insulin resistance and intracellular magnesium and calcium concentrations, we measured free intralymphocyte magnesium (Mg(i)) and calcium (Ca(i)) concentrations, as well as the rate constant of plasma glucose disappearance (K(itt)) after insulin injection (insulin tolerance test: ITT), in a group of 15 normotensive control subjects (NC) and 29 essential hypertensive subjects (EH). Mg(i) and Ca(i) were measured in triplicate by means of a fluorimetric technique based on the dyes furaptra and fura-2 respectively. K(itt) value were significantly reduced in hypertensive subjects as compared to control subjects (M +/- SD, EH: 4.54 +/- 1.31 vs 5.63 +/- 1.07; p < 0.02; 95% confidence limits: 0.22-1.96). Mg(i) and Ca(i) were not statistically different in hypertensive subjects as compared to control subjects (Mg(i), NC: 0.274 +/- 0.02 mmol/L; EH: 0.248 +/- 0.05 mmol/L; Ca(i), NC: 47.6 +/- 9 mmol/L, EH: 46.7 +/- 13.6 mmol/L). A statistically significant inverse correlation was found in the whole study group between K(itt) and body mass index (R = -0.394, p = 0.01) and a statistically significant positive correlation between K(itt) and Mg(i) (R = 0.386; p = 0.012). The latter correlation was no longer statistically significant if adjusted for body mass index. Our data are in favour of a link between index of peripheral insulin resistance and body mass index. A dependence from Mg(i) is possible but the study lack so far the statistical power to demonstrate it.
insulin resistance; hypertension
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/2591
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact