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|Titolo:||Inhibition by verapamil of neutrophil responses to formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine and phorbol myristate acetate. Mechanisms involving Ca2+ changes, cyclic AMP and protein kinase C|
|Autori interni:||DELLA BIANCA, Vittorina|
CASSATELLA, Marco Antonio
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Rivista:||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA|
|Abstract:||Verapamil inhibits in human neutrophils the respiratory burst, the secretion and the change of transmembrane potential induced by formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine, a Ca2+-dependent stimulus, and by phorbol myristate acetate, a Ca2+-independent stimulus. Besides the blocking of Ca2+ channels, many mechanisms are responsible for the inhibition of neutrophil responses. In fact, verapamil (i) increases the intracellular cAMP concentration, potentiates the cAMP response induced by the chemotactic peptide and induces the appearance of a cAMP response also when the stimulant is phorbol myristate acetate; (ii) causes a decrease of Ca2+ association to cell membranes, so depleting the pools of exchangeable Ca2+ and depressing the 'Ca2+ response' in terms of rise in [Ca2+]i monitored with Quin 2 and of rapid mobilization from cell membranes monitored by chlorotetracycline fluorescence change; (iii) inhibits the Ca2+-activated phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C. The data, discussed in relation to the biochemical mechanisms of the stimulus-response coupling, are compatible with the hypothesis of an involvement of the activation of protein kinase C as key step in the sequence of transduction events for the induction of many neutrophil functions.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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