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|Titolo:||Increased proteolytic activity of erythrocyte membrane in spur cell anaemia|
|Autori interni:||OLIVIERI, Oliviero|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1988|
|Rivista:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY|
|Abstract:||In a case of 'spur cell anaemia' (SCA) a reduced esterified/free cholesterol ratio was found in plasma, in LDL and HDL fractions and an increased cholesterol/phospholipid (C/PL) molar ratio in erythrocyte membrane. Cation transport was normal with the exception of Li-Na counter-transport was decreased. An increased intrinsic membrane proteolytic activity (IMPA) was demonstrated by the generalized reduction or, sometimes, disappearance of protein bands on SDS-PAGE in patient ghosts when the proteolysis was allowed. This characteristic was found to be transferable to normal cells by incubation in SCA-plasma; moreover membrane C/PL molar ratio was augmented after incubation. Normal plasma was not able to normalize IMPA of SCA cells 'in vitro', even if it induced a remarkable decrease of membrane C/PL molar ratio. Nevertheless IMPA normalization did occur 'in vivo', when the SCA cells were exposed to therapeutic 'plasma exchange' (3.3 litre/week). The results suggest the following conclusions: (a) in our SCA patient there is an increased IMPA; (b) this feature, as well as membrane lipid alteration, is transferable to normal erythrocytes; (c) this case seems to demonstrate, for the first time in our knowledge, a modulating effect of plasma on IMPA in erythrocytes.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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