OBJECTIVE - To measure plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, a product of lipid peroxidation, both in IDDM patients and in healthy control subjects and to examine whether smoking has a negative impact on the plasma MDA levels in diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Plasma total MDA concentration (as a thiobarbituric acid adduct by high-performance liquid chromatography) was measured in 56 young IDDM patients and in a group of 32 age-, sex- BMI-, and smoking habit-matched healthy subjects. RESULTS - Plasma MDA concentration in IDDM patients was significantly higher than that in healthy control subjects (mean +/- SE: 0.95 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.54 +/- 0.03 mu mol/l; P < 0.0001). After stratification by smoking status, it was seen that diabetic smokers had values of age, BMI, serum lipids, blood pressure, metabolic control, and diabetes duration and its chronic complications superimposable on those of their nonsmoking counterparts. Nevertheless, plasma MDA concentration was significantly higher in IDDM patients who smoked than in IDDM patients who didn't smoke (1.03 +/- 0.4 vs. 0.87 +/- 0.03 mu mol/l; P = 0.002), without any sex difference with regard to MDA levels. CONCLUSIONS - These data show an increase in circulating products of lipid peroxidation in young diabetic smokers, thus further supporting the clinical importance of discouraging the initiation of smoking as well as promoting its cessation in people with IDDM.
|Titolo:||Increase in Circulating Products of Lipid Peroxidation in Smokers with IDDM. Diabetes Care 19: 1233-1236, 1996|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|