The mechanical efficiency of cycling with a new pedal-crank prototype (PP) was investigated during an incremental test on a stationary cycloergometer. The efficiency values were compared with those obtained, in the same experimental conditions and with the same subjects, by using a standard pedal-crank system (SP). The main feature of this prototype is that its pedal-crank length changes as a function of the crank angle being maximal during the pushing phase and minimal during the recovery one. This variability was expected to lead to a decrease in the energy requirement of cycling since, for any given thrust, the torque exerted by the pushing leg is increased while the counter-torque exerted by the contra-lateral one is decreased. Whereas no significant differences were found between the two pedal-cranks at low exercise intensities (ẇ=50-200W), at 250-300W the oxygen uptake (V̇O2, W) was found to be significantly lower and the efficiency (η=ẇ/V̇O2) about 2% larger (p<0.05, Wilcoxon test) in the case of PP. Even if the measured difference in efficiency was rather small, it can be calculated that an athlete riding a bicycle equipped with the patented pedal-crank could improve his 1h record by about 1km. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Mechanical efficiency of cycling with a new developed pedal-crank|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|