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|Titolo:||EFFETTO DI UN AGONISTA DEL GNRH AD AZIONE PROLUNGATA (LEUPROLIDE ACETATO) SULLO STATO DI MINERALIZZAZIONE OSSEA IN BAMBINE CON PUBERTA' PRECOCE|
|Autori interni:||ANTONIAZZI, Franco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Abstract:||Bone mineral metabolism and mineralization before and during treatment were studied in 10 girls aged 6.9-8.4 years affected by central precocious puberty and treated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) leuprolide acetate depot, in order to understand better the consequences of oestrogen deficiency and the reduction of growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis activity. Before and after 12 months of therapy, the patients underwent a clonidine stimulation test and a 4-day calcitriol osteoblast stimulation test. On day 0, day 5 and at 3-month intervals thereafter, serum calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, IGF-I, IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), GH, GH binding protein and osteocalcin levels were measured; urinary calcium, phosphate and hydroxyproline levels were evaluated in fasting spot samples. Trabecular and cortical bone mass variations, measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry in the lumbar spine and by dual photon absorptiometry in the radius, respectively were evaluated before the start and after 12 months of therapy. During treatment, a decrease of serum oestradiol levels from pubertal to prepubertal levels was observed. The GH peak following clonidine diminished significantly after 1 year. Growth hormone binding protein showed a slight increase, and IGF-I and IGFBP-3 decreased, although not significantly. Osteocalcin levels decreased significantly after 9 and 12 months of treatment, but they did not change significantly after calcitriol load, either before or after GnRHa therapy. Urinary hydroxyproline decreased significantly after 12 months.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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