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|Titolo:||Decreased band 3 anion transport activity and band 3 clusterization in congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II|
|Autori interni:||DE FRANCESCHI, Lucia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Abstract:||Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDA-II) is the most common form of inherited dyserythropoiesis. Erythroid precursor and red blood cells (RBCs) show characteristic morphological abnormalities. Biochemical studies have shown that this disease is associated with reduced glycosylation activity, which endows band 3 (anion transporter) with peculiar characteristics. The life span of RBCs may be shortened in patients with CDA-II, a phenomenon that has been ascribed to this membrane defect. We analyzed seven unrelated patients with CDA-II and five control subjects. In all of the CDA-II patients, erythrocytes presented a band 3 that was thinner than usual and also migrated slightly faster on SDS-PAGE. Analysis of anion transport function in CDA-II RBC samples demonstrated decreased anion exchange activity per band 3 molecule. Furthermore, we observed that the CDA-II RBCs contained larger amounts of aggregate band 3 than control erythrocytes. Aggregate band 3 has been reported to bind naturally occurring antibodies that mediate the phagocytic removal of RBCs. We provide evidence that both the phagocytic index (RBCs/macrophage) and the amount of membrane-bound immunoglobulin (IgG) are elevated in CDA-II erythrocytes. Our results suggest that the mild hemolysis observed in patients with CDA-II may be ascribed to clusterization of band 3, which leads to IgG binding and phagocytosis, and not to a secondary modification of the cytoskeletal structure of RBCs.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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