Severe left ventricular failure in ischemic heart disease may contraindicate conservative surgical procedures. To redefine therapeutic indications, the clinical and angiographic data of 143 patients (137 men and 6 women) with ischemic heart disease and a left ventricular ejection fraction less than 0.30 who were seen by us between June 1985 and December 1990 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups according to therapy: medical only, 72 (group 1); myocardial revascularization, 20 (group 2); and heart transplantation, 51 (group 3). Clinical status was poorer in group 3, with congestive heart failure as predominant symptom; angina was more frequent in group 2. No difference was noted in hemodynamic variables. Four early deaths (20.0%) occurred in group 2 and 7 (13.7%) in group 3. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 64 months (mean, 22 +/- 19 months), with an actuarial survival of 28% +/- 9%, 80% +/-8% and 82% +/- 5% at 5 years in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Even though postoperative New York Heart Association class was better in group 3 (1.0 versus 2.3 in group 2; p < 0.01), the difference in survival was not significant. Although in patients with ischemic heart disease and low left ventricular ejection fraction heart transplantation offers the best clinical results, considering the donor shortage, we conclude that myocardial revascularization may still be performed with good midterm results.
|Titolo:||Severe ischemic left ventricular failure: coronary operation or heart transplantation ?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|