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|Titolo:||Electrophysiologic identification of the cochlear nerve fibers during cerebello-pontine angle surgery|
|Autori interni:||COLLETTI, Vittorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Abstract:||To facilitate identification and preservation of the auditory nerve during cerebello-pontine angle surgery, bipolar recording of cochlear nerve compound action potentials (CNAPs) was performed. Two silver wires insulated with teflon up to the exposed ends were utilized as electrodes. They were twisted together, the distance between the two tips being 1 mm or less. Rarefaction polarity clicks (31/s) ranging from the psychoacoustical threshold to 120 dB pe SPL were used as stimuli. The investigation was performed in three groups of patients. The first group consisted of 9 patients submitted to vestibular neurectomy and 4 patients operated on by microvascular decompression of the eighth nerve. The second group comprised 8 patients with acoustic tumors smaller than 2 mm and serviceable hearing. Postoperative audiometric results in the subjects in the second group were compared with those obtained in well-matched homogeneous controls consisting of patients with acoustic neuroma operated on without the aid of CNAP recording. Bipolar recording from the eighth nerve was extremely selective, a good response being obtained only when positioning the electrode on the cochlear portion of the eighth nerve. During removal of the acoustic neuroma, repeated bipolar probing of the tumor and eighth nerve facilitated the task of distinguishing the cochlear nerve from other nervous structures and from the tumor, and contributed to preserving hearing in most patients.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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