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|Titolo:||Mechanisms of auditory impairment during acoustic neuroma surgery|
|Autori interni:||COLLETTI, Vittorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Rivista:||OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY|
|Abstract:||Hearing loss during removal of acoustic neuroma (AN) may be due to labyrinthine and/or neural and/or vascular damage. Surgical maneuvers relating to perioperative and postoperative hearing may give rise to mechanisms of auditory impairment. Recording action potentials from the intracranial portion of the cochlear nerve (CN) has proven particularly useful for identifying the mechanisms of iatrogenic auditory injury. In this paper intraoperative and postoperative auditory impairments are investigated in relation to surgical steps in a group of 47 subjects with AN (size ranging from 5 to 25 mm) undergoing removal by a retrosigmoid-transmeatal approach. Drilling of the internal auditory canal (IAC), removal of the AN from the IAC fundus, coagulation close to the CN, lateral to medial tumor traction, separation of the CN from the facial nerve, and stretching of the CN have proven to be the most critical surgical steps in hearing preservation. On the other hand, maneuvers such as intracapsular tumor removal, vestibular neurectomy, suction close to the AN, and closure of the IAC defect did not correlate with changes in auditory potentials. Predisposing factors to postoperative hearing deterioration were IAC enlargement greater than 3 mm, IAC tumor size greater than 7 mm, extracanalar tumor size greater than 20 mm, labyrinth medial to the IAC fundus, severe involvement of the CN in the IAC, preoperative abnormal auditory brainstem responses, and normal vestibular reflectivity. Age and preoperative hearing did not prove to be statistically related to postoperative hearing. The variations in morphology and latency of CNAPs are discussed in relation to the mechanisms of iatrogenic injury.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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