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|Titolo:||ECochG, CNAP and ABR monitoring during vestibular Schwannoma surgery|
|Autori interni:||COLLETTI, Vittorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Abstract:||Identification of the specific pathophysiological processes and correlation with post-operative hearing are the prerequisites for utilizing electrophysiological audiomonitoring techniques in preventing damage to auditory structures during vestibular Schwannoma (VS) surgery. The present paper compares the value of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), electrocochleography (ECochG) and directly recorded cochlear nerve action potentials (CNAPs) in detecting damage to auditory structures during VS surgery and predicting postoperative hearing. Eighteen consecutive patients operated on for VS, in an attempt at hearing preservation, participated in the investigation. The ipsilateral hearing level (pure tone average (PTA) 0.5-3 kHz) ranged from 10 to 50 dB HL (mean: 30.7 dB HL), with a speech discrimination score equal to or better than 50 per cent. CNAPs furnished the highest predictive score for post-operative hearing. In particular, when a permanent loss of CNAPs occurred the sensitivity and specificity were 100 per cent. The discrepancies between the ECochG and CNAP findings were attributable to high prevalence of cochlear nerve damage, capable of 'disconnecting' the ear from the central auditory pathways, causing persistence of peripheral auditory function and no propagation of the neural input. ABR monitoring was highly sensitive in detecting auditory damage but its prognostic utility was marred by its poor specificity.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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