The aim of this study was to measure the nutrient oxidation rate during walking at different speeds and to identify the walking speed associated with the highest fat oxidation rate in a group of prepubertal boys with different levels of adiposity. Twenty-four prepubertal boys (age, 10 +/- 1 yr) with different levels of overweight (body mass index, 25.5 +/- 3.5 kg/m(2); sd score of body mass index, 3.4 +/- 1.1) performed a treadmill test. We measured by indirect calorimetry their respiratory exchange while they walked at speeds of 4, 5, and 6 km/h as well as their maximal oxygen uptake. The fat oxidation rate did not change significantly when the speed of walking was increased, whereas carbohydrate oxidation increased significantly (P < 0.001). A significant (P < 0.05) association was found between adiposity (percent fat mass) and the fat to carbohydrate oxidation ratio during walking at 4, 5, and 6 km/h (r = 0.37, r = 0.37, and r = 0.36, respectively), adjusting for exercise intensity (maximal oxygen uptake, percentage). The lowest fat to carbohydrate oxidation ratio, i.e. the highest fat oxidation/carbohydrate oxidation rate, was found at a walking speed of 4 km/h. Moderately intense exercise promoted the highest fat to carbohydrate oxidation ratio. Increasing the exercise intensity did not promote fat oxidation. Therefore, walking at a speed of 4 km/h is recommended as practicable exercise for obese boys and, consequently, for the treatment of childhood obesity.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.