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|Titolo:||Desensitization of macrophages to stimuli which induce secretion of superoxide anion. Down-regulation of receptors for phorbol myristate acetate|
|Autori interni:||BERTON, Giorgio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1983|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY|
|Abstract:||The ability of cultivated mouse peritoneal macrophages (M phi) to release superoxide anion (O-2) after repeated stimulation by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or serum-treated zymosan (STZ) has been studied. After a maximal first stimulus bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-activated M phi released high levels of O-2, 2-fold more than thioglycollate-elicited M phi and the response ceased within 4 h. Both populations either responded again to a second challenge or displayed a refractory state which varied in duration and selectivity. Desensitization by STZ pretreatment was transient and selective whereas PMA could render M phi refractory for 3 days to PMA alone or to both agents, depending on the amount of PMA used and the conditions of stimulation. PMA induced a selective loss of specific saturable receptors for [3H]phorbol dibutyrate, a closely related agent, and receptor activity recovered with the ability to release O-2. Loss of receptors did not account for concomitant loss of the response to STZ after nonselective deactivation. Such M phi were fully viable and able to endocytose various soluble and particulate ligands vigorously, but without stimulation of the hexose monophosphate shunt or release of O-2. Our studies indicate that M phi activities can be profoundly altered by prior stimulation, that specific receptors play a role in ligand-induced desensitization and that agents such as PMA can selectively eliminate the cells' ability to generate a second respiratory burst.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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