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|Titolo:||Regulation of turnover and number of acetylcholine receptors at neuromuscular junctions|
|Autori interni:||FUMAGALLI, Guido Francesco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Abstract:||The number and metabolic stability of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) at neuromuscular junctions of rat tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus (SOL) muscles were examined after denervation, paralysis by continuous application of tetrodotoxin to the nerve, or denervation and direct stimulation of the muscle through implanted electrodes. After 18 days of denervation AChR half-life declined from about 10 days to 2.3 days (TA) or 3.6 days (SOL) and after 18 days of nerve conduction block to 3.1 days (TA). In contrast, the total number of AChRs per endplate was unaffected by these treatments. Denervation for 33 days had no further effect on AChR half-life but reduced the total number of AChRs to about 54% (SOL) or 38% (TA) of normal. Direct stimulation of the 33-day denervated SOL from day 18 restored normal AChR stability and counteracted muscle atrophy but had no effect on the decline in AChR number. The results indicate that motoneurons control the stability of junctional AChRs through evoked muscle activity and the number of junctional AChRs through trophic factors.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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