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|Titolo:||[Medical therapy of chronic idiopathic constipation]|
|Autori interni:||CAVALLINI, Giorgio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Abstract:||The medical care of the idiopathic constipation requires the correct patient identification based on precise classification items and on physiopathological considerations. The laxative abuse is often the most difficult problem to be solved and it has to be dealt with the consideration of different clinical aspects (wrong diet, psychological profile, concomitant diseases, drug therapy, etc.). The first step exactly consists in the identification and correction of the wrong convictions, of the behavioural attitudes and of the unbalanced dietary habits. Adding bran is the second widely accepted therapeutic step based on both physiopathological and epidemiological considerations. Even if the mechanism of action is still not completely understood, the fibre addition per se leads to an improvement of the constipation in quite a relevant percentage of patients, although it is often poorly tolerated. Nevertheless there are peculiar conditions not responsive to the bran addition such as the so-called "anismus". For these situations different therapeutic approaches have been proposed with variable results. Among these we can mention the re-educational programmes of the modalities of the defecation using biofeedback techniques. The chronic idiopathic constipation not respondent to the conventional medical therapy appears anyway a problematic and very difficult condition both from the investigational viewpoint and the therapeutic options. Finally it can be stated that the laxatives have a certain role in those clinical conditions most probably leading to the constipation. For each therapeutic drug class it is, of course, of great importance to know its mode of action as well as its adverse event profile.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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