Protein tyrosine phosphatase gamma (PTPgamma) is a member of the receptor-like family of tyrosine phosphatases and has been implicated as a tumor suppressor gene in kidney and lung cancers. Based on our previous findings, we hypothesize that PTPgamma is a potential estrogen-regulated tumor suppressor gene in human breast cancer. To examine the effects of PTPgamma on growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and compare the estrogenic responses of human breast cells with different PTPgamma expression levels, we established several stably transfected MCF-7 cell lines expressing different levels of PTPgamma, which were confirmed by RT-PCR and immunostaining. In our work, we used the antisense construct to breakdown endogenous PTPgamma level in MCF-7 cells. The results from doubling time assay suggested that PTPgamma is capable of inhibiting MCF-7 breast cancer cell growth. We further demonstrated that PTPgamma is able to inhibit anchorage-independent growth of breast cancer cells in soft agar and reduce the estrogenic responses of MCF-7 cell proliferation to estradiol-17beta (E(2)) and zeranol (Z, a nonsteroidal growth promoter with estrogenic activity). Our data suggest that PTPgamma may function as an important modulator in regulating the process of tumorigenesis in human breast.

Function analysis of estrogenically regulated protein tyrosine phosphatase gamma (PTPgamma) in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7.

SORIO, Claudio;TECCHIO, Cristina;
2004

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatase gamma (PTPgamma) is a member of the receptor-like family of tyrosine phosphatases and has been implicated as a tumor suppressor gene in kidney and lung cancers. Based on our previous findings, we hypothesize that PTPgamma is a potential estrogen-regulated tumor suppressor gene in human breast cancer. To examine the effects of PTPgamma on growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and compare the estrogenic responses of human breast cells with different PTPgamma expression levels, we established several stably transfected MCF-7 cell lines expressing different levels of PTPgamma, which were confirmed by RT-PCR and immunostaining. In our work, we used the antisense construct to breakdown endogenous PTPgamma level in MCF-7 cells. The results from doubling time assay suggested that PTPgamma is capable of inhibiting MCF-7 breast cancer cell growth. We further demonstrated that PTPgamma is able to inhibit anchorage-independent growth of breast cancer cells in soft agar and reduce the estrogenic responses of MCF-7 cell proliferation to estradiol-17beta (E(2)) and zeranol (Z, a nonsteroidal growth promoter with estrogenic activity). Our data suggest that PTPgamma may function as an important modulator in regulating the process of tumorigenesis in human breast.
Tumor suppressor gene; tyrosine phosphatase; breast cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/16467
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