Candida aquaetextoris, a yeast recently described for its ability to use 4-(1-nonyl)phenol (pNP) as the sole carbon and energy source in aerobic conditions, has been studied in order to determine the degradation products deriving from the growth on such a compound which is of environmental concern because of its proved toxicity to several organisms. Two main metabolites, namely trans-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-acetophenone (4-acetylphenol), have been identified through either TLC and NMR spectrometry analyses of liquid substrate from cultures of C. aquaetextoris grown on pNP, with 4-acetylphenol that accumulates without any further degradation. These findings suggest that C. aquaetextoris might metabolise pNP via terminal oxidation of the alkyl chain, followed by a β-oxidation pathway. On the basis of this evidence, a novel metabolic route for the microbial degradation of 4-(1-nonyl)phenol, at least in certain yeasts, is proposed.

Biodegradation of 4-(1-nonyl)phenol by axenic cultures of the yeast Candida aquaetextoris: Identification of microbial breakdown products and proposal of a possible metabolic pathway

VALLINI, Giovanni;
2001

Abstract

Candida aquaetextoris, a yeast recently described for its ability to use 4-(1-nonyl)phenol (pNP) as the sole carbon and energy source in aerobic conditions, has been studied in order to determine the degradation products deriving from the growth on such a compound which is of environmental concern because of its proved toxicity to several organisms. Two main metabolites, namely trans-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-acetophenone (4-acetylphenol), have been identified through either TLC and NMR spectrometry analyses of liquid substrate from cultures of C. aquaetextoris grown on pNP, with 4-acetylphenol that accumulates without any further degradation. These findings suggest that C. aquaetextoris might metabolise pNP via terminal oxidation of the alkyl chain, followed by a β-oxidation pathway. On the basis of this evidence, a novel metabolic route for the microbial degradation of 4-(1-nonyl)phenol, at least in certain yeasts, is proposed.
4-(1-NONYL)PHENOL BIODEGRADATION; Candida aquaetextoris; BIOREMEDIATION; YEAST-INDUCED DEGRADATION; ALKYLPHENOLS; TRANS-4-HYDROXYCINNAMIC ACID
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/15936
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