BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis is a protean, genetically determined disease that may involve any organ or tissue and lead to a great number of symptoms and clinical features. OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis can be very difficult in cases with incomplete manifestations (formes fruste) lacking the classic signs of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a case fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for tuberous sclerosis (shagreen patches, hypomelanotic macules, renal cysts and angiomyolipomas, and "migration tracts" in the cerebral white matter) in association with a giant intracranial aneurysm, but lacking mental retardation, epilepsy and facial angiofibroma. RESULTS: Fourteen other cases of tuberous sclerosis and intracranial aneurysms, all but one without any clear sign of polycystic kidney disease, were found in the literature. CONCLUSION: We suggest that vascular dysplasias in general and aneurysms (mainly intracranial) in particular can be added to the other non-primary diagnostic features for the clinical diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis.

Does the tuberous sclerosis complex include intracranial aneurysms? A case report with a review of the literature.

PUPPINI, Giovanni;BRICOLO, Andrea;EL DALATI, GHASSAN;
1999

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis is a protean, genetically determined disease that may involve any organ or tissue and lead to a great number of symptoms and clinical features. OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis can be very difficult in cases with incomplete manifestations (formes fruste) lacking the classic signs of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a case fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for tuberous sclerosis (shagreen patches, hypomelanotic macules, renal cysts and angiomyolipomas, and "migration tracts" in the cerebral white matter) in association with a giant intracranial aneurysm, but lacking mental retardation, epilepsy and facial angiofibroma. RESULTS: Fourteen other cases of tuberous sclerosis and intracranial aneurysms, all but one without any clear sign of polycystic kidney disease, were found in the literature. CONCLUSION: We suggest that vascular dysplasias in general and aneurysms (mainly intracranial) in particular can be added to the other non-primary diagnostic features for the clinical diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis.
Tuberous sclerosis; aneurysms (mainly intracranial)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/15011
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