Recent studies have underlined a significant incidence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) of the lower limbs in the general population which is often wrongly diagnosed. The "classic" risk factors--like dyslipidemia--are not always present in significant percentages in patients suffering from PAOD of the lower limbs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of the most common vascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia) in patients suffering from stenosing lesions of the extracranial carotid axes, comparing the data with similar findings in lower limbs. Moreover, the authors evaluated the association between these risk factors, carotid atheromatous lesions and ischemic cardiomyopathy (CI).
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