Lipoprotein(a) is considered an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. A variety of analytical methods have been proposed for lipoprotein(a) measurement, the majority of which require dedicated instruments and are costly to perform, particularly when the aim is to screen for high lipoprotein(a) concentrations in large populations. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of a newly developed semi-quantitative latex method to assess its suitability for identifying subjects with high lipoprotein(a) levels. Based on clinical data, a sensitivity limit of 20 mg/dl of total lipoprotein(a) particle was selected for the latex method. Results obtained by the latex method on 204 subjects were compared with two enzyme immunoassays using two anti-apo(a) monoclonal antibodies with different specificities. In one assay, the detecting monoclonal antibody (MAb a-5) is directed against an epitope present in a variable number depending on the apo(a) size isoforms in lipoprotein(a), while the other assay the detecting monoclonal antibody (MAb a-40) is directed against an epitope present only once in lipoprotein(a) particles, irrespective of their apo(a) size. Both the latex method and the MAb a-5 assay demonstrated a 100% sensitivity, in that no false-negative results were found using the MAb a-40 assay as the gold standard. Eleven subjects (5.4%) were misclassified as false positive by MAb a-5 assay and 23 (11.3%) were misclassified by the latex method. Based on its 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity, we conclude that the lipoprotein(a) latex method is a cost-effective rapid approach for screening large populations. © 1995 Springer-Verlag.

Lipoprotein(a) immunoassays: comparison of a semi-quantitative latex method and two monoclonal enzyme immunoassays

Lippi G.;Guidi G.
1995

Abstract

Lipoprotein(a) is considered an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. A variety of analytical methods have been proposed for lipoprotein(a) measurement, the majority of which require dedicated instruments and are costly to perform, particularly when the aim is to screen for high lipoprotein(a) concentrations in large populations. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of a newly developed semi-quantitative latex method to assess its suitability for identifying subjects with high lipoprotein(a) levels. Based on clinical data, a sensitivity limit of 20 mg/dl of total lipoprotein(a) particle was selected for the latex method. Results obtained by the latex method on 204 subjects were compared with two enzyme immunoassays using two anti-apo(a) monoclonal antibodies with different specificities. In one assay, the detecting monoclonal antibody (MAb a-5) is directed against an epitope present in a variable number depending on the apo(a) size isoforms in lipoprotein(a), while the other assay the detecting monoclonal antibody (MAb a-40) is directed against an epitope present only once in lipoprotein(a) particles, irrespective of their apo(a) size. Both the latex method and the MAb a-5 assay demonstrated a 100% sensitivity, in that no false-negative results were found using the MAb a-40 assay as the gold standard. Eleven subjects (5.4%) were misclassified as false positive by MAb a-5 assay and 23 (11.3%) were misclassified by the latex method. Based on its 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity, we conclude that the lipoprotein(a) latex method is a cost-effective rapid approach for screening large populations. © 1995 Springer-Verlag.
Apolipoprotein(a); Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; Latex assay; Lipoprotein(a); Monoclonal antibodies;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/13949
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