Few data are available on the outcome of boys with central precocious puberty (CPP) treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues. We report on final height, endocrine and exocrine testicular function, and bone mineral density (BMD) in nine males (age 16.7 +/- 1.5 years) treated with GnRH analogues from the age 6.0 +/- 1.8 years for a mean period of 5.6 +/- 2.4 years. The following parameters were evaluated: final height, serum gonadotropin and gonadal steroid levels, spermarche, semen analysis, area and volumetric BMD. Final height (-0.4 +/- 1.1 SDS) was significantly higher than pre-treatment predicted adult height (-2.0 +/- 1.2 SDS) and not significantly different than midparental height (-0.1 +/- 0.8 SDS). Pubertal response of gonadotropins to GnRH test occurred within 1.5 years (mean 0.7 +/- 0.4 years) and spermarche (n = 7) from 0.7 to 3 years (1.8 +/- 0.9 years) after the discontinuation of GnRH analogue therapy. No alteration in semen analysis was found (n = 6, sperm count, 10(6)/ml: 52.0 +/- 18.7; normal motility (%): 49.5 +/- 18.7; atypical morphology (%): 44.5 +/- 11.4). Area and volumetric BMD were not reduced (0.2 +/- 1.0 SDS and -0.1 +/- 0.9 SDS, respectively). CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues improves final height in boys with central precocious puberty. Post-therapy data demonstrating normal endocrine and exocrine testicular function support the safety of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues on reproductive function. Long-term pharmacological suppression of testicular function in childhood does not impair bone mineral density in late adolescence.

Final height, gonadal function and bone mineral density of adolescent males with central precocious puberty after therapy with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues.

FERDEGHINI, Marco;
2000

Abstract

Few data are available on the outcome of boys with central precocious puberty (CPP) treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues. We report on final height, endocrine and exocrine testicular function, and bone mineral density (BMD) in nine males (age 16.7 +/- 1.5 years) treated with GnRH analogues from the age 6.0 +/- 1.8 years for a mean period of 5.6 +/- 2.4 years. The following parameters were evaluated: final height, serum gonadotropin and gonadal steroid levels, spermarche, semen analysis, area and volumetric BMD. Final height (-0.4 +/- 1.1 SDS) was significantly higher than pre-treatment predicted adult height (-2.0 +/- 1.2 SDS) and not significantly different than midparental height (-0.1 +/- 0.8 SDS). Pubertal response of gonadotropins to GnRH test occurred within 1.5 years (mean 0.7 +/- 0.4 years) and spermarche (n = 7) from 0.7 to 3 years (1.8 +/- 0.9 years) after the discontinuation of GnRH analogue therapy. No alteration in semen analysis was found (n = 6, sperm count, 10(6)/ml: 52.0 +/- 18.7; normal motility (%): 49.5 +/- 18.7; atypical morphology (%): 44.5 +/- 11.4). Area and volumetric BMD were not reduced (0.2 +/- 1.0 SDS and -0.1 +/- 0.9 SDS, respectively). CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues improves final height in boys with central precocious puberty. Post-therapy data demonstrating normal endocrine and exocrine testicular function support the safety of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues on reproductive function. Long-term pharmacological suppression of testicular function in childhood does not impair bone mineral density in late adolescence.
central precocious puberty, final height, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues testicular function, bone mineral density
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/13370
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