To evaluate the decay rate of cellular proviral HIV-DNA and viral replication in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the very early phase of infection. METHODS: Thirty-four patients treated with HAART and retrospectively selected for progressive decline of plasma viraemia up to undetectable levels (< 20 copies/ml), were stratified according to CD4+ cell count and plasma viraemia at base line: > 500 x 10(6) cells/l with < 5000 copies/ml (group 1) or with > 5000 copies/ml (group 2), > 5000 copies/ml with 300-500 x 10(6) cells/l (group 3) or with < 300 x 10(6) cells/l (group 4). Plasma HIV-RNA and proviral HIV-DNA were analysed at baseline and after 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment. RESULTS: After 1 year of treatment, a significant decrease of proviral DNA titre was observed in all patients and a decrease > 1 log was achieved in 24 of 29 subjects of the first three groups. The more pronounced decay of HIV-DNA (half-life 28 weeks) up to < 50 HIV-DNA copies/10(6) CD4+ cells was detected in patients of group 1. At the year's endpoint, five patients (four in group 1 and one in group 2) had < 20 HIV-DNA copies. However, HIV strains sensitive to antiretroviral drugs were isolated from peripheral lymphocytes of 16 out of 34 patients. CONCLUSION: In patients with undetectable plasma viraemia after 1 year of HAART, the highest reduction of proviral DNA up to < 50 copies/10(6) CD4+ cells was obtained only in subjects in the early asymptomatic phase of infection. Nevertheless, a replication-competent virus can be detected in all phases of antiretroviral therapy.

cellular proviral HIV-DNA decline and viral isolation in naive subjects with <5000 copies/ml of HIV-RNA and>500x10to the sixth/l CD4 cells treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy

TRIDENTE, Giuseppe;CONCIA, Ercole;
2000

Abstract

To evaluate the decay rate of cellular proviral HIV-DNA and viral replication in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the very early phase of infection. METHODS: Thirty-four patients treated with HAART and retrospectively selected for progressive decline of plasma viraemia up to undetectable levels (< 20 copies/ml), were stratified according to CD4+ cell count and plasma viraemia at base line: > 500 x 10(6) cells/l with < 5000 copies/ml (group 1) or with > 5000 copies/ml (group 2), > 5000 copies/ml with 300-500 x 10(6) cells/l (group 3) or with < 300 x 10(6) cells/l (group 4). Plasma HIV-RNA and proviral HIV-DNA were analysed at baseline and after 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment. RESULTS: After 1 year of treatment, a significant decrease of proviral DNA titre was observed in all patients and a decrease > 1 log was achieved in 24 of 29 subjects of the first three groups. The more pronounced decay of HIV-DNA (half-life 28 weeks) up to < 50 HIV-DNA copies/10(6) CD4+ cells was detected in patients of group 1. At the year's endpoint, five patients (four in group 1 and one in group 2) had < 20 HIV-DNA copies. However, HIV strains sensitive to antiretroviral drugs were isolated from peripheral lymphocytes of 16 out of 34 patients. CONCLUSION: In patients with undetectable plasma viraemia after 1 year of HAART, the highest reduction of proviral DNA up to < 50 copies/10(6) CD4+ cells was obtained only in subjects in the early asymptomatic phase of infection. Nevertheless, a replication-competent virus can be detected in all phases of antiretroviral therapy.
antiretroviral therapy; HIV; naive subjects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/13038
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