The presence of solitary chemosensory cells was studied in rat vallate papillae during the first week of post-natal life by alpha-gustducin immunocytochemistry. In 1- to 3-day-old rats, isolated alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were found within the epithelium of the vallate papilla. These cells, mainly located in the basal layer, were scattered among keratocytes and wrapped in alpha-gustducin-negative epithelial cells in a glia-like fashion. The alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were usually round and some of them gave rise to short, large processes directed towards the lumen of the oral cavity or the basal lamina. Rarely, some cells showed an evident bipolar shape. Small taste buds containing either alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive or alpha-gustducin-negative cells appeared in the vallate papillae of 4-day-old rats in which isolated, bipolar-shaped alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were also found. After the first week of post-natal life, the taste buds appeared basically similar to those of adult animals. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that the presence of epithelial cells with characteristics of solitary chemosensory cells precedes the development of the taste buds.

Alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive solitary chemosensory cells in the developing chemoreceptorial epithelium of the rat vallate papilla

SBARBATI, Andrea;CRESCIMANNO, Caterina;BERNARDI, Paolo;OSCULATI, Francesco
1999

Abstract

The presence of solitary chemosensory cells was studied in rat vallate papillae during the first week of post-natal life by alpha-gustducin immunocytochemistry. In 1- to 3-day-old rats, isolated alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were found within the epithelium of the vallate papilla. These cells, mainly located in the basal layer, were scattered among keratocytes and wrapped in alpha-gustducin-negative epithelial cells in a glia-like fashion. The alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were usually round and some of them gave rise to short, large processes directed towards the lumen of the oral cavity or the basal lamina. Rarely, some cells showed an evident bipolar shape. Small taste buds containing either alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive or alpha-gustducin-negative cells appeared in the vallate papillae of 4-day-old rats in which isolated, bipolar-shaped alpha-gustducin-immunoreactive cells were also found. After the first week of post-natal life, the taste buds appeared basically similar to those of adult animals. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that the presence of epithelial cells with characteristics of solitary chemosensory cells precedes the development of the taste buds.
solitary chemosensory cell
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/12411
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