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|Titolo:||The cytochrome b and flavin content and properties of the O2- -forming NADPH oxidase solubilized from activated neutrophils|
|Autori interni:||BELLAVITE, Paolo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1983|
|Rivista:||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA|
|Abstract:||NADPH-dependent O2- -generating activity was extracted and partially purified from guinea pig polymorphonuclear leukocytes. The most active preparation generated 202.8 nmol O2- min/min per mg protein. This activity was 30-fold higher than that of extracts from resting cells, indicating that the activated state of the oxidase was retained after solubilization. The solubilization and purification of the enzyme activity were followed by a parallel solubilization and purification of cytochrome b. Spectroscopic studies showed that solubilized cytochrome b has an Em of -245 mV and binds CO to about 30%. Cytochrome b was reduced by NADPH in anaerobiosis at a low rate and was rapidly reoxidized by air. A correlation was found between the inhibition of O2- formation caused by the SH reagent p-chloromercuribenzoate and the alterations induced by this compound on the Em of cytochrome b. These observations strongly support the participation of cytochrome b in the catalytic activity of the solubilized NADPH oxidase. The enzyme preparations contained FAD, which was found to be associated both with NADPH oxidase and with diaphorase activities. The fraction with the highest O2- forming activity contained FAD and cytochrome b in a ratio of about 0.5:1. The participation of FAD in the electron transport from NADPH to O2 is supported also by the inhibitory effect exerted by quinacrine on O2- formation.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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