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|Titolo:||Simultaneous assay for oxidative metabolism and adhesion of human neutrophils: evidence for correlations and dissociations of the two responses|
|Autori interni:||BELLAVITE, Paolo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF LEUKOCYTE BIOLOGY|
|Abstract:||An assay method for the simultaneous evaluation of the oxidative metabolism and adherence of human neutrophils is described, together with certain specific applications. Incubations were performed in serum-coated microtiter plates, where oxidative metabolism was measured as O2- release and, after washing out the nonadherent cells, the adhesion was measured as activity of acid phosphatase. Three agonists tested in this system--opsonized zymosan, concanavalin A, and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine--induced both activation of O2- release and cell adhesion, but the two functions had time course and dose dependence patterns that varied depending on the stimulant. Particularly with concanavalin A, O2- release and adhesion response were markedly dissociated; this lectin at low doses increased neutrophil adherence without triggering any O2- production, whereas at high doses it increased both O2- production and adherence. Anti-integrin monoclonal antibodies did not affect adhesion induced by low-dose concanavalin A but inhibited the adhesion induced by the other tested agonists. Adhesion and O2- production were also found to be differentially affected by the NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenylene iodonium, the sulfhydryl reagent N-ethylmaleimide and the A2 agonist adenosine, indicating that these neutrophil responses have various transductional pathways that also depend on the type of stimulus.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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