Purpose To understand whether the preoperative morphology of the posterior corneal surface influences the rate of re-bubbling after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). Methods After retrospectively analyzing the medical records of patients undergoing DMEK, in this multicentric cross-sectional study, we performed a binomial logistic regression analysis to assess significant predictors of re-bubbling and re-transplantation after surgery. Analyzed parameters included the preoperative diagnosis, anterior and posterior surface K1/K2, central corneal thickness, posterior Q value, and other posterior corneal surface parameters evaluated on the elevation maps produced by anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Results were stratified based on the surgeons' experience. Results We included 202 eyes of 202 patients with a mean age of 69.5 +/- 12.4 years; 154 eyes were operated by a high-volume surgeon and 48 by one with less experience; 48 eyes (23.8%) underwent >= 1 re-bubbling and 14(6.9%) >= 1 re-transplantation. The presence of positive/less-negative posterior corneal irregularities and irregularities with greater absolute height had a significantly higher risk of re-bubbling in both the expert and less expert group (OR = 2.85 and 1.42, OR = 3.22 and 3.01, respectively, p < 0.05), whereas more negative posterior K1 and K2 were significant risk factors only in the former group (OR = 0.67 and 0.55, respectively, p < 0.05). Endothelial decompensation other than Fuchs and pseudophakic bullous kera-topathy, more negative posterior Q values and smaller distances between center, and the highest/lowest posterior corneal surface irregularity correlated with an increased risk of graft failure (OR 1.23, 1.21, and 1.29, respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusion Posterior corneal surface morphology significantly influences the risk of re-bubbling after DMEK.

Predictive factors for re-bubbling after DMEK: focus on the posterior corneal surface

Kilian, Raphael;Rizzo, Clara;Pedrotti, Emilio;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Purpose To understand whether the preoperative morphology of the posterior corneal surface influences the rate of re-bubbling after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). Methods After retrospectively analyzing the medical records of patients undergoing DMEK, in this multicentric cross-sectional study, we performed a binomial logistic regression analysis to assess significant predictors of re-bubbling and re-transplantation after surgery. Analyzed parameters included the preoperative diagnosis, anterior and posterior surface K1/K2, central corneal thickness, posterior Q value, and other posterior corneal surface parameters evaluated on the elevation maps produced by anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Results were stratified based on the surgeons' experience. Results We included 202 eyes of 202 patients with a mean age of 69.5 +/- 12.4 years; 154 eyes were operated by a high-volume surgeon and 48 by one with less experience; 48 eyes (23.8%) underwent >= 1 re-bubbling and 14(6.9%) >= 1 re-transplantation. The presence of positive/less-negative posterior corneal irregularities and irregularities with greater absolute height had a significantly higher risk of re-bubbling in both the expert and less expert group (OR = 2.85 and 1.42, OR = 3.22 and 3.01, respectively, p < 0.05), whereas more negative posterior K1 and K2 were significant risk factors only in the former group (OR = 0.67 and 0.55, respectively, p < 0.05). Endothelial decompensation other than Fuchs and pseudophakic bullous kera-topathy, more negative posterior Q values and smaller distances between center, and the highest/lowest posterior corneal surface irregularity correlated with an increased risk of graft failure (OR 1.23, 1.21, and 1.29, respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusion Posterior corneal surface morphology significantly influences the risk of re-bubbling after DMEK.
2024
Biomarker
Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty
Re-bubbling
Risk factor
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1130968
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact