Background A limited amount of data has been published in chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) patients aged >75 years treated frontline with second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Aims To address this issue in a clinical 'real-life' setting, we retrospectively analyzed 45 CP-CML patients (pts) followed in 20 Italian Centers and treated frontline with dasatinib (DAS). Patients and methods Median age was 78.4 years (range 75-89.2 years). DAS starting dose was 100 mg QD in 35 pts (77.7%), 80 mg QD in 1 pts (2.2%) and 50 mg QD in 9 pts (20.1%), respectively. The median follow-up was 42.6 months (IQR 20.4 - 63.3). Results Grade 3 and 4 side effects, both hematological and non-hematological, were detected in 6 (13.3%) and 12 (26.6%) pts, respectively. Pleural effusions of all grades occurred in 13 pts (28.8%) after a median period of DAS exposure of 14.7 months (IQR 3.0 - 33.1). The rates of DAS dose reduction and permanent drug discontinuation were 53.3% and 20.0%, respectively. As the best response, 42/45 patients (93.3%) achieved a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), 35/45 (77.7%) a major molecular response (MMR) and 24/45 (53.3%) a deep molecular response (both MR 4.0 and MR 4.5). Only 1 patient (2.2%) progressed to the blast phase after 13 months of therapy; 8 deaths were observed (1 CML-related and 7 CML-unrelated). Cumulative event-free survival and overall survival at 36 months were 64.7% (95%, CI 49.4 - 80.0) and 82.3% (95%, CI 70.3-94.3), respectively. Conclusion These findings, although evaluated in a limited and selected cohort of patients, suggest that DAS might be effective in older patients (aged >75 years) affected by CP-CML with acceptable toxicity.

Long term follow-up of frontline Dasatinib in older patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase treated outside clinical trials: a real-life cohort observational study

Bonifacio, Massimiliano;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background A limited amount of data has been published in chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) patients aged >75 years treated frontline with second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Aims To address this issue in a clinical 'real-life' setting, we retrospectively analyzed 45 CP-CML patients (pts) followed in 20 Italian Centers and treated frontline with dasatinib (DAS). Patients and methods Median age was 78.4 years (range 75-89.2 years). DAS starting dose was 100 mg QD in 35 pts (77.7%), 80 mg QD in 1 pts (2.2%) and 50 mg QD in 9 pts (20.1%), respectively. The median follow-up was 42.6 months (IQR 20.4 - 63.3). Results Grade 3 and 4 side effects, both hematological and non-hematological, were detected in 6 (13.3%) and 12 (26.6%) pts, respectively. Pleural effusions of all grades occurred in 13 pts (28.8%) after a median period of DAS exposure of 14.7 months (IQR 3.0 - 33.1). The rates of DAS dose reduction and permanent drug discontinuation were 53.3% and 20.0%, respectively. As the best response, 42/45 patients (93.3%) achieved a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), 35/45 (77.7%) a major molecular response (MMR) and 24/45 (53.3%) a deep molecular response (both MR 4.0 and MR 4.5). Only 1 patient (2.2%) progressed to the blast phase after 13 months of therapy; 8 deaths were observed (1 CML-related and 7 CML-unrelated). Cumulative event-free survival and overall survival at 36 months were 64.7% (95%, CI 49.4 - 80.0) and 82.3% (95%, CI 70.3-94.3), respectively. Conclusion These findings, although evaluated in a limited and selected cohort of patients, suggest that DAS might be effective in older patients (aged >75 years) affected by CP-CML with acceptable toxicity.
2021
CML therapy
Chronic myeloid leukemia
dasatinib
imatinib
nilotinib
older CML patients
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1127416
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