Physical activity plays a pivotal role in preventing obesity and cardiovascular risks. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a tool to assess functional capacity and predict cardiovascular events. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the performance and haemodynamic parameters before and after a 6MWT between obese/overweight vs. normal-weight children (average age 8.7 +/- 0.7 years) participating in a project involving four primary schools in South Verona (Italy). Validated questionnaires for physical activity and diet, as well as blood drops, were collected. Overweight or obese children (OW & OB; n = 100) covered a shorter 6MWT distance compared to normal-weight children (NW, n = 194). At the test's conclusion, the OW&OB group exhibited a higher Rate Pulse Product (RPP = Systolic Blood Pressure x Heart Rate) as compared to the NW. Body Mass Index, waist-to-height ratio, fat mass by electrical impedance, and trans fatty acids showed direct correlations with pre and post-test haemodynamic parameters, such as RPP, and inverse correlations with oxygen saturation. OW&OB children demonstrated lower performance in this low-intensity exercise test, along with an elevated haemodynamic response. Excess fat in childhood can be considered a risk factor for haemodynamic stress, with potential deleterious consequences later in life. Efforts should be initiated early to break this cycle.

Comparison of Performance in the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) between Overweight/Obese and Normal-Weight Children and Association with Haemodynamic Parameters: A Cross-Sectional Study in Four Primary Schools

Giontella, Alice;Tagetti, Angela;Bonafini, Sara;Marcon, Denise;Cattazzo, Filippo;Bresadola, Irene;Antoniazzi, Franco;Gaudino, Rossella;Cavarzere, Paolo;Montagnana, Martina;Pietrobelli, Angelo;Maffeis, Claudio;Minuz, Pietro;Fava, Cristiano
2024-01-01

Abstract

Physical activity plays a pivotal role in preventing obesity and cardiovascular risks. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a tool to assess functional capacity and predict cardiovascular events. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the performance and haemodynamic parameters before and after a 6MWT between obese/overweight vs. normal-weight children (average age 8.7 +/- 0.7 years) participating in a project involving four primary schools in South Verona (Italy). Validated questionnaires for physical activity and diet, as well as blood drops, were collected. Overweight or obese children (OW & OB; n = 100) covered a shorter 6MWT distance compared to normal-weight children (NW, n = 194). At the test's conclusion, the OW&OB group exhibited a higher Rate Pulse Product (RPP = Systolic Blood Pressure x Heart Rate) as compared to the NW. Body Mass Index, waist-to-height ratio, fat mass by electrical impedance, and trans fatty acids showed direct correlations with pre and post-test haemodynamic parameters, such as RPP, and inverse correlations with oxygen saturation. OW&OB children demonstrated lower performance in this low-intensity exercise test, along with an elevated haemodynamic response. Excess fat in childhood can be considered a risk factor for haemodynamic stress, with potential deleterious consequences later in life. Efforts should be initiated early to break this cycle.
2024
Rate Pulse Product
blood pressure
children
heart rate
obesity
physical activity
six-minute walk test
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1123347
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