: Adult brainstem gliomas (BSGs) are a group of rare central nervous system tumors with varying prognoses and controversial standard treatment strategies. To provide an overview of current trends, a systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines, Class of evidence (CE) and strength of recommendation (SR), was conducted. The review identified 27 studies. Surgery was found to have a positive impact on survival, particularly for focal lesions with CE II SR C. Stereotactic image-guided biopsy was recommended when resective surgery was not feasible with CE II and SR B. The role of systemic treatments remains unclear. Eight studies provided molecular biology data. This review gathers crucial literature on diagnosis and management of adult BSGs. It provides evidence-based guidance with updated recommendations for diagnosing and treating, taking into account recent molecular and genetic advancements. The importance of brain biopsy is emphasized to optimize treatment using emerging genetic-molecular findings and explore potential targeted therapies.

Decoding the puzzle: A multidisciplinary systematic review of adult brainstem glioma

Barresi, Valeria;Feletti, Alberto
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Adult brainstem gliomas (BSGs) are a group of rare central nervous system tumors with varying prognoses and controversial standard treatment strategies. To provide an overview of current trends, a systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines, Class of evidence (CE) and strength of recommendation (SR), was conducted. The review identified 27 studies. Surgery was found to have a positive impact on survival, particularly for focal lesions with CE II SR C. Stereotactic image-guided biopsy was recommended when resective surgery was not feasible with CE II and SR B. The role of systemic treatments remains unclear. Eight studies provided molecular biology data. This review gathers crucial literature on diagnosis and management of adult BSGs. It provides evidence-based guidance with updated recommendations for diagnosing and treating, taking into account recent molecular and genetic advancements. The importance of brain biopsy is emphasized to optimize treatment using emerging genetic-molecular findings and explore potential targeted therapies.
2024
biopsy; brainstem glioma; prognosis; radiosurgery; radiotherapy; surgery; survival; systemic treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1120068
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