In this study, we investigated whether background information of a visual charity appeal can influence people's motivation to donate and the hypothetical amount donated. Specifically, participants were presented with a charity appeal to help a local hospital respond to the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) emergency depicting a man sitting on a bed in a hospital room. The number of visual details (i.e., medical equipment) depicted in the background was manipulated according to three conditions: (1) "High information" condition (i.e., a room full of medical equipment), (2) "low information" condition (i.e., room with few pieces of medical equipment), and (3) "no information" condition (i.e., non-contextual background). We investigated whether the number of visual background details would have increased the tangibility of the cause measured as the hospital's adequate preparedness to deal with the COVID-19 emergency and severity of the patient's medical conditions. We also investigated whether increased tangibility, elicited by a higher amount of background information, would heighten participants' perceived impact of their donation and warm glow, which in turn would have led to increased motivation to donate and the amount donated. We found no significant direct effect of condition on the donated amount. However, path models revealed that more background information positively influenced participants' motivation to donate and the amount donated indirectly through increased tangibility, impact, and warm glow. Finally, we showed that a higher risk perception of COVID-19 was associated with higher donations. Results are discussed in line with relevant literature.

Look Behind Me! Highly Informative Picture Backgrounds Increase Stated Generosity Through Perceived Tangibility, Impact, and Warm Glow

Vacondio, M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this study, we investigated whether background information of a visual charity appeal can influence people's motivation to donate and the hypothetical amount donated. Specifically, participants were presented with a charity appeal to help a local hospital respond to the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) emergency depicting a man sitting on a bed in a hospital room. The number of visual details (i.e., medical equipment) depicted in the background was manipulated according to three conditions: (1) "High information" condition (i.e., a room full of medical equipment), (2) "low information" condition (i.e., room with few pieces of medical equipment), and (3) "no information" condition (i.e., non-contextual background). We investigated whether the number of visual background details would have increased the tangibility of the cause measured as the hospital's adequate preparedness to deal with the COVID-19 emergency and severity of the patient's medical conditions. We also investigated whether increased tangibility, elicited by a higher amount of background information, would heighten participants' perceived impact of their donation and warm glow, which in turn would have led to increased motivation to donate and the amount donated. We found no significant direct effect of condition on the donated amount. However, path models revealed that more background information positively influenced participants' motivation to donate and the amount donated indirectly through increased tangibility, impact, and warm glow. Finally, we showed that a higher risk perception of COVID-19 was associated with higher donations. Results are discussed in line with relevant literature.
2022
COVID-19
background
donation
impact
prosocial behavior
tangibility
visual information
warm glow
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1119394
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