Background: Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) has become an established bedside monitoring modality but its implementation remains complex and costly and is therefore performed only in a few well-trained academic centers. This study investigated the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and CMD glucose and lactate concentrations. Methods: Two centers retrospective study of prospectively collected data. Consecutive adult (>18 years) acutely brain injured patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit between 2010 and 2021 were eligible if CSF and CMD glucose and lactate concentrations were concomitantly measured at least once. Results: Of 113 patients being monitored with an external ventricular drainage and CMD, 49 patients (25 from Innsbruck and 24 from Brussels) were eligible for the final analysis, including a total of 96 measurements. Median CMD glucose and lactate concentrations were 1.15 (0.51-1.57) mmol/L and 3.44 (2.24-5.37) mmol/L, respectively; median CSF glucose and lactate concentrations were 4.67 (4.03-5.34) mmol/L and 3.40 (2.85-4.10) mmol/L, respectively. For the first measurements, no correlation between CSF and CMD glucose concentrations (R2 <0.01; p = 0.95) and CSF and CMD lactate concentrations (R2 =0.16; p = 0.09) was found. Considering all measurements, the repeated measure correlation analysis also showed no correlation for glucose (rrm = -0.01; 95% Confidence Intervals -0.306 to 0.281; p = 0.93) and lactate (rrm = -0.11; 95% Confidence Intervals -0.424 to 0.236; p = 0.55). Conclusions: In this study including acute brain injured patients, no correlation between CSF and brain tissue measurements of glucose and lactate was observed. As such, CSF measurements of such metabolites cannot replace CMD findings.

Cerebrospinal fluid analysis of metabolites is not correlated to microdialysis measurements in acute brain injured patients

Anderloni, Marco;Donadello, Katia;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) has become an established bedside monitoring modality but its implementation remains complex and costly and is therefore performed only in a few well-trained academic centers. This study investigated the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and CMD glucose and lactate concentrations. Methods: Two centers retrospective study of prospectively collected data. Consecutive adult (>18 years) acutely brain injured patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit between 2010 and 2021 were eligible if CSF and CMD glucose and lactate concentrations were concomitantly measured at least once. Results: Of 113 patients being monitored with an external ventricular drainage and CMD, 49 patients (25 from Innsbruck and 24 from Brussels) were eligible for the final analysis, including a total of 96 measurements. Median CMD glucose and lactate concentrations were 1.15 (0.51-1.57) mmol/L and 3.44 (2.24-5.37) mmol/L, respectively; median CSF glucose and lactate concentrations were 4.67 (4.03-5.34) mmol/L and 3.40 (2.85-4.10) mmol/L, respectively. For the first measurements, no correlation between CSF and CMD glucose concentrations (R2 <0.01; p = 0.95) and CSF and CMD lactate concentrations (R2 =0.16; p = 0.09) was found. Considering all measurements, the repeated measure correlation analysis also showed no correlation for glucose (rrm = -0.01; 95% Confidence Intervals -0.306 to 0.281; p = 0.93) and lactate (rrm = -0.11; 95% Confidence Intervals -0.424 to 0.236; p = 0.55). Conclusions: In this study including acute brain injured patients, no correlation between CSF and brain tissue measurements of glucose and lactate was observed. As such, CSF measurements of such metabolites cannot replace CMD findings.
2023
Cerebral metabolism
Multimodal monitoring
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Traumatic brain injury
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1119331
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