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|Titolo:||Studies on molecular regulation of phagocytosis in neutrophils. Con A-mediated ingestion and associated respiratory burst independent of phosphoinositide turnover, rise in [Ca2+]i, and arachidonic acid release|
|Autori interni:||ROSSI, Filippo|
DELLA BIANCA, Vittorina
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY|
|Abstract:||The role of the activation of phosphoinositide turnover and of the increase in cytosolic free calcium, [Ca2+]i, in the phagocytosis and associated activation of the respiratory burst was investigated. We report the results obtained on the phagocytosis of yeast cells mediated by Con A in normal and in Ca2+-depleted human neutrophils. In normal neutrophils the phagocytosis was associated with a respiratory burst, a stimulation in the formation of [3H] inositol phosphates and [32P]phosphatidic acid, the release of [3H]arachidonic acid, and a rise in [Ca2+]i. Ca2+-depleted neutrophils are able to perform the phagocytosis of yeast cells mediated by Con A and to activate the respiratory burst without stimulation of [3H]inositol phosphates and [32P]phosphatidic acid formation, [3H]arachidonic acid release, and rise in [Ca2+]i. In both normal and Ca2+-depleted neutrophils the phagocytosis and the associated respiratory burst, 1) were inhibited by cytochalasin B; 2) were insensitive to H-7, an inhibitor of protein kinase C; and 3) did not involve GTP-binding protein sensitive to pertussis toxin. These findings indicate that the activation of phosphoinositide turnover, the liberation of arachidonic acid, the rise in [Ca2+]i, and the activity of protein kinase C are not necessarily required for ingestion of Con A-opsonized particles and for associated activation of the NADPH oxidase, the enzyme responsible for the respiratory burst. The molecular mechanisms of these phosphoinositide and Ca2+-independent responses are discussed.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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