In this paper we consider the gradient flow of the following Ginzburg-Landau type energy F-epsilon(u) := 1/2 integral(M) |Du|(2)(g) + 1/2 epsilon(2) (|u|(2)(g)-1)(2) vol(g). 2 epsilon 2 This energy is defined on tangent vector fields on a 2-dimensional closed and oriented Riemannian manifold M (here D stands for the covariant derivative) and depends on a small parameter epsilon > 0. If the energy satisfies proper bounds, when epsilon -> 0 the second term forces the vector fields to have unit length. However, due to the incompatibility for vector fields on M between the Sobolev regularity and the unit norm constraint, critical points of F epsilon tend to generate a finite number of singular points (called vortices) having non-zero index (when the Euler characteristic is non-zero). These types of problems have been extensively analyzed in the recent paper by R. Ignat & R. Jerrard [19]. As in Euclidean case (see, among the others [8]), the position of the vortices is ruled by the so-called renormalized energy. In this paper we are interested in the dynamics of vortices. We rigorously prove that the vortices move according to the gradient flow of the renormalized energy, which is the limit behaviour when epsilon -> 0 of the gradient flow of the GinzburgLandau energy.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Dynamics of Ginzburg-Landau vortices for vector fields on surfaces

Giacomo Canevari;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In this paper we consider the gradient flow of the following Ginzburg-Landau type energy F-epsilon(u) := 1/2 integral(M) |Du|(2)(g) + 1/2 epsilon(2) (|u|(2)(g)-1)(2) vol(g). 2 epsilon 2 This energy is defined on tangent vector fields on a 2-dimensional closed and oriented Riemannian manifold M (here D stands for the covariant derivative) and depends on a small parameter epsilon > 0. If the energy satisfies proper bounds, when epsilon -> 0 the second term forces the vector fields to have unit length. However, due to the incompatibility for vector fields on M between the Sobolev regularity and the unit norm constraint, critical points of F epsilon tend to generate a finite number of singular points (called vortices) having non-zero index (when the Euler characteristic is non-zero). These types of problems have been extensively analyzed in the recent paper by R. Ignat & R. Jerrard [19]. As in Euclidean case (see, among the others [8]), the position of the vortices is ruled by the so-called renormalized energy. In this paper we are interested in the dynamics of vortices. We rigorously prove that the vortices move according to the gradient flow of the renormalized energy, which is the limit behaviour when epsilon -> 0 of the gradient flow of the GinzburgLandau energy.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2023
Ginzburg-Landau
Vector fields on surfaces
Gradient flow of the renormalized
energy
Gamma convergence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1114847
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