: Transplant pathology of donors is a highly specialized field comprising both the evaluation of organ donor biopsy for the oncological risk transmission and to guide the organ allocation. Timing is critical in transplant procurement since organs must be recovered as soon as possible to ensure the best possible outcome for the recipient. To all this is added the fact that the evaluation of a donor causes difficulties in many cases and the impact of these assessments is paramount, considering the possible recovery of organs that would have been erroneously discarded or, conversely, the possibly correct discarding of donors with unacceptable risk profiles. In transplant pathology histology is still the gold standard for diagnosis dictating the subsequent decisions and course of clinical care. Digital pathology has played an important role in accelerating healthcare progression and nowadays artificial intelligence powered computational pathology can effectively improve diagnostic needs, supporting the quality and safety of the process. Mapping the shape of the journey would suggest a progressive approach from supervised to semi/unsupervised models, which would involve training these models directly for clinical endpoints. In machine learning, this generally delivers better performance, compensating for a potential lack in interpretability. With planning and enough confidence in the performance of learning-based methods from digital pathology and artificial intelligence, there is great potential to augment the diagnostic quality and correlation with clinical endpoints. This may improve the donor pool and vastly reduce diagnostic and prognostic errors that are known but currently are unavoidable in transplant donor pathology.

Perspective of a Pathologist on Benchmark Strategies for Artificial Intelligence Development in Organ Transplantation

Eccher, Albino;Marletta, Stefano;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Transplant pathology of donors is a highly specialized field comprising both the evaluation of organ donor biopsy for the oncological risk transmission and to guide the organ allocation. Timing is critical in transplant procurement since organs must be recovered as soon as possible to ensure the best possible outcome for the recipient. To all this is added the fact that the evaluation of a donor causes difficulties in many cases and the impact of these assessments is paramount, considering the possible recovery of organs that would have been erroneously discarded or, conversely, the possibly correct discarding of donors with unacceptable risk profiles. In transplant pathology histology is still the gold standard for diagnosis dictating the subsequent decisions and course of clinical care. Digital pathology has played an important role in accelerating healthcare progression and nowadays artificial intelligence powered computational pathology can effectively improve diagnostic needs, supporting the quality and safety of the process. Mapping the shape of the journey would suggest a progressive approach from supervised to semi/unsupervised models, which would involve training these models directly for clinical endpoints. In machine learning, this generally delivers better performance, compensating for a potential lack in interpretability. With planning and enough confidence in the performance of learning-based methods from digital pathology and artificial intelligence, there is great potential to augment the diagnostic quality and correlation with clinical endpoints. This may improve the donor pool and vastly reduce diagnostic and prognostic errors that are known but currently are unavoidable in transplant donor pathology.
2023
Artificial Intelligence Development, Organ Transplantation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1114592
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