Purpose: Carotid intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) on MRI predicts stroke. Magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient (MP-RAGE) is widely used to detect IPH. CE-MRA is used routinely to assess stenosis. Initial studies indicated that IPH can be identified on mask images of CE-MRA, while Time-of-Flight (TOF) images were reported to have high specificity but lower sensitivity. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of detecting IPH on mask images of CE-MRA and TOF. Methods: Thirty-six patients with ≥ 50% stenosis enrolled in the ongoing 2nd European Carotid Surgery Trial underwent carotid MRI. A 5-point quality score was used. Inter-observer agreement between two independent readers was determined. The sensitivity and specificity of IPH detection on mask MRA and TOF were calculated with MP-RAGE as a reference standard. Results: Of the 36 patients included in the current analysis, 66/72 carotid arteries could be scored. The inter-observer agreements for identifying IPH on MP-RAGE, mask, and TOF were outstanding (κ: 0.93, 0.96, and 0.85). The image quality of mask (1.42 ± 0.66) and TOF (2.42 ± 0.66) was significantly lower than MP-RAGE (3.47 ± 0.61). When T1w images were used to delineate the outer carotid wall, very high specificities (>95%) of IPH detection on mask and TOF images were found, while the sensitivity was high for mask images (>81%) and poor for TOF (50-60%). Without these images, the specificity was still high (>97%), while the sensitivity reduced to 62-71%. Conclusion: Despite the lower image quality, routinely acquired mask images from CE-MRA, but not TOF, can be used as an alternative to MP-RAGE images to visualize IPH.

Application of mask images of contrast-enhanced MR angiography to detect carotid intraplaque hemorrhage in patients with moderate to severe symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis

Pizzini, Francesca B;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Carotid intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) on MRI predicts stroke. Magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient (MP-RAGE) is widely used to detect IPH. CE-MRA is used routinely to assess stenosis. Initial studies indicated that IPH can be identified on mask images of CE-MRA, while Time-of-Flight (TOF) images were reported to have high specificity but lower sensitivity. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of detecting IPH on mask images of CE-MRA and TOF. Methods: Thirty-six patients with ≥ 50% stenosis enrolled in the ongoing 2nd European Carotid Surgery Trial underwent carotid MRI. A 5-point quality score was used. Inter-observer agreement between two independent readers was determined. The sensitivity and specificity of IPH detection on mask MRA and TOF were calculated with MP-RAGE as a reference standard. Results: Of the 36 patients included in the current analysis, 66/72 carotid arteries could be scored. The inter-observer agreements for identifying IPH on MP-RAGE, mask, and TOF were outstanding (κ: 0.93, 0.96, and 0.85). The image quality of mask (1.42 ± 0.66) and TOF (2.42 ± 0.66) was significantly lower than MP-RAGE (3.47 ± 0.61). When T1w images were used to delineate the outer carotid wall, very high specificities (>95%) of IPH detection on mask and TOF images were found, while the sensitivity was high for mask images (>81%) and poor for TOF (50-60%). Without these images, the specificity was still high (>97%), while the sensitivity reduced to 62-71%. Conclusion: Despite the lower image quality, routinely acquired mask images from CE-MRA, but not TOF, can be used as an alternative to MP-RAGE images to visualize IPH.
2023
CE-MRA; Carotid; Intraplaque hemorrhage; MP-RAGE; Mask; Stroke
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1109728
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