BACKGROUND This observational cohort study was designed by the PRIORITY (PRedictIng long-term Outcomes afteR Isolated coronary arTery bypass surgery) steering committee to evaluate the 10-year follow-up outcome of bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) versus single internal thoracic artery. METHODS The PRIORITY project was designed to evaluate long-term outcome of 2 large prospective multicenter cohort studies of coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical data on isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were merged with administrative data to collect follow-up information. The primary endpoint was the composite outcome of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 10-year follow-up. Secondary endpoints were individual components of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 10 years and surgical site complications or infections. A pro-pensity score-based inverse probability treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to overcome the selection bias related to the observational nature of the study. RESULTS The study population consisted of 10,988 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. BITA was used in 23.5%. The use of BITA is related to lower incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 10 years (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.88, 95% CI 0.79-0.98, P < .001). BITA correlated with better 10-year survival (IPTW adjusted HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.78-1.00, P = .05), re-revascularization (IPTW adjusted HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.92, P < .001), and myocardial infarction (IPTW adjusted HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.77-0.95, P = .005) but to increased incidence of surgical site complications or infections (HR 2.12, 95% CI 1.39-3.24, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS In propensity-matched patients, use of BITA was associated with improved 10-year survival, freedom from repeat revascularization, and myocardial infarction but also higher incidence of surgical site complications. & COPY; 2023 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.