Purpose: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the medium-term clinical and radiographic results of current generation metal-on-metal resurfacing prostheses performed through anterolateral approach. Materials and methods: Fifty-seven hips in 52 patients underwent resurfacing arthroplasty. Two patients died from unrelated causes, leaving 55 hips in 35 males (3 bilateral) and 15 females (2 bilateral), with a mean age at surgery of 56.2 years (range, 27-70 years). Clinical and radiographic assessment was carried out preoperatively and at follow-up in all the survived cases. The cumulative survival rate was determined according to the method of Kaplan-Meier. Results: At a mean follow-up of 5.2 years (range, 1.8-9.1 years), 2 HRs of the same female patient were revised because of early loosening of the acetabular component. Deep venous thrombosis and transient femoral nerve palsy occurred both in 1 case. No specific complications of HR were observed. Average Harris hip score improved significantly from 59.8 points (range, 30.4-90.6) preoperatively to 93.7 points (range, 53-100) at the latest examination. Neck narrowing showed an average of 3.27%, but it never exceeded 10%. Nonprogressive acetabular radiolucencies and osteolysis were detected both in 2 hips. A high rate of patients (32, 60.4%) developed heterotopic ossifications, although low-grade in most cases (27, 84.4%). The cumulative survival rate at 9.1 years with revision for any reason as the end point was 93.0%. Conclusions: The early clinical and radiographic results of modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing performed through an anterolateral approach are promising, but longer-term follow-up studies are necessary.
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