: Background & aims: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are useful tools for noninvasive drug delivery. AuNP nebulization has shown poor deposition results, and AuNP tracking postadministration has involved methods inapplicable to clinical settings. The authors propose an intratracheal delivery method for minimal AuNP loss and computed tomography scans for noninvasive tracking. Materials & methods: Through high-frequency and directed nebulization postendotracheal intubation, the authors treated rats with AuNPs. Results & conclusion: The study showed a dose-dependent and bilateral distribution of AuNPs causing no short-term distress to the animal or risk of airway inflammation. The study demonstrated that AuNPs do not deposit in abdominal organs and show targeted delivery to human lung fibroblasts, offering a specific and noninvasive strategy for respiratory diseases requiring long-term therapies.
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