Study objective: There is great consensus that the implementation of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) approach is beneficial for surgical patients, but there is a paucity of data concerning its application in women with deep endometriosis (DE) who are candidates for bowel surgery. The survey described herein was aimed at gathering detailed information on perioperative management of DE patients who were undergoing sigmoid/rectal (discoid or segmental) resection within the Italian Society of Gynecologic Endoscopy (SEGI) group. Design: Baseline survey. Setting: National survey conducted within the main Italian cooperative group in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (SEGI). Patients: The study did not involve patients. Interventions: A 63-item questionnaire covering ERAS items for gynecologic/elective colorectal surgery was sent to SEGI centers. Only questionnaires from centers that reported performing ≥10 sigmoid/rectal resections per year were considered for this analysis. Measurements and main results: Thirty-three of 38 (86.8%) of the questionnaires were analyzed. The rates of concordance with the ERAS guidelines were 40.4%, 64.4%, and 62.6% for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative items, respectively. The proportion of overall agreement was 56.6%. Preoperative diet, fasting and bowel preparation, correction of anemia, avoidance of peritoneal drains, postoperative feeding, and early mobilization were the most controversial items. Comparative analysis revealed that the referred rates of complete disease removal and conversion to open surgery were significantly different depending on case volume (p = .044 and p = .003, respectively) and gynecologist's/surgeon's experience (p = .042 and p = .022, respectively), with higher chances of obtaining a complete laparoscopic/robotic excision of endometriosis in centers that reported ≥30 DE surgeries performed per year and/or ≥90% of bowel resections performed by a gynecologist/general surgeon specifically dedicated to DE management. In contrast, the rates of concordance with the ERAS guidelines were not significantly different according to case volume (p = .081) or gynecologist's/surgeon's experience (p = .294). Conclusion: This is the first study on DE conducted on a national scale. The current survey results revealed suboptimal compliance with the ERAS recommendations and underline the need to improve the quality of perioperative care in DE patients undergoing sigmoid/rectal resection. This study is a first step toward building a consistent, structured reporting platform for the SEGI units and facilitating wide implementation and standardization of the ERAS protocol for DE patients in Italy.

Evaluation of Peri-Operative Management in Women with Deep Endometriosis Who are Candidates for Bowel Surgery: A Survey from the Italian Society of Gynecologic Endoscopy

Garzon, Simone;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Study objective: There is great consensus that the implementation of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) approach is beneficial for surgical patients, but there is a paucity of data concerning its application in women with deep endometriosis (DE) who are candidates for bowel surgery. The survey described herein was aimed at gathering detailed information on perioperative management of DE patients who were undergoing sigmoid/rectal (discoid or segmental) resection within the Italian Society of Gynecologic Endoscopy (SEGI) group. Design: Baseline survey. Setting: National survey conducted within the main Italian cooperative group in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (SEGI). Patients: The study did not involve patients. Interventions: A 63-item questionnaire covering ERAS items for gynecologic/elective colorectal surgery was sent to SEGI centers. Only questionnaires from centers that reported performing ≥10 sigmoid/rectal resections per year were considered for this analysis. Measurements and main results: Thirty-three of 38 (86.8%) of the questionnaires were analyzed. The rates of concordance with the ERAS guidelines were 40.4%, 64.4%, and 62.6% for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative items, respectively. The proportion of overall agreement was 56.6%. Preoperative diet, fasting and bowel preparation, correction of anemia, avoidance of peritoneal drains, postoperative feeding, and early mobilization were the most controversial items. Comparative analysis revealed that the referred rates of complete disease removal and conversion to open surgery were significantly different depending on case volume (p = .044 and p = .003, respectively) and gynecologist's/surgeon's experience (p = .042 and p = .022, respectively), with higher chances of obtaining a complete laparoscopic/robotic excision of endometriosis in centers that reported ≥30 DE surgeries performed per year and/or ≥90% of bowel resections performed by a gynecologist/general surgeon specifically dedicated to DE management. In contrast, the rates of concordance with the ERAS guidelines were not significantly different according to case volume (p = .081) or gynecologist's/surgeon's experience (p = .294). Conclusion: This is the first study on DE conducted on a national scale. The current survey results revealed suboptimal compliance with the ERAS recommendations and underline the need to improve the quality of perioperative care in DE patients undergoing sigmoid/rectal resection. This study is a first step toward building a consistent, structured reporting platform for the SEGI units and facilitating wide implementation and standardization of the ERAS protocol for DE patients in Italy.
2023
ERAS
Endometriosis
Perioperative management
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1095126
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