Background: Little is known about COVID-19 course and outcomes after a third booster dose of mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (mRNA-Vax) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) treated with ocrelizumab (OCR) and fingolimod (FNG), which showed a weakened immune response to mRNA-vax. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate COVID-19 course and outcomes in pwMS on OCR and FNG after receiving the third dose of mRNA-Vax and to compare it with pwMS on natalizumab (NTZ). Methods: Inclusion criteria: >18 years of age, being treated with OCR/FNG/NTZ since the first mRNA-Vax dose; COVID-19 after a third booster dose of mRNA-Vax; no steroids use. Results: Overall, 290 pwMS (79 NTZ, 126 OCR, and 85 FNG) from 17 Italian MS centers were included. Age, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score, MS phenotype, disease, and treatment duration were significantly different across groups. PwMS who had COVID-19 on OCR and FNG compared with those on NTZ were slightly more symptomatic with higher hospitalization rates (11.1% vs 7.1% vs 1.3%, respectively). Regression models showed that the majority of the differences observed were not related to the disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) used. No fatal cases were observed. Conclusion: Our results support the effectiveness of the third booster dose of mRNA-Vax against severe forms of COVID-19 in pwMS treated with OCR and FNG.

Symptomatic COVID-19 course and outcomes after three mRNA vaccine doses in multiple sclerosis patients treated with high-efficacy DMTs

Gajofatto, Alberto;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Little is known about COVID-19 course and outcomes after a third booster dose of mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (mRNA-Vax) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) treated with ocrelizumab (OCR) and fingolimod (FNG), which showed a weakened immune response to mRNA-vax. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate COVID-19 course and outcomes in pwMS on OCR and FNG after receiving the third dose of mRNA-Vax and to compare it with pwMS on natalizumab (NTZ). Methods: Inclusion criteria: >18 years of age, being treated with OCR/FNG/NTZ since the first mRNA-Vax dose; COVID-19 after a third booster dose of mRNA-Vax; no steroids use. Results: Overall, 290 pwMS (79 NTZ, 126 OCR, and 85 FNG) from 17 Italian MS centers were included. Age, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score, MS phenotype, disease, and treatment duration were significantly different across groups. PwMS who had COVID-19 on OCR and FNG compared with those on NTZ were slightly more symptomatic with higher hospitalization rates (11.1% vs 7.1% vs 1.3%, respectively). Regression models showed that the majority of the differences observed were not related to the disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) used. No fatal cases were observed. Conclusion: Our results support the effectiveness of the third booster dose of mRNA-Vax against severe forms of COVID-19 in pwMS treated with OCR and FNG.
2023
COVID-19 course
COVID-19 outcomes
fingolimod
multiple sclerosis
ocrelizumab
third booster vaccine dose
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1093566
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