Spray drift of pesticides has a negative impact on aquatic ecosystems and the environment, including damage to non-target organisms. Particularly, the drift of some insecticides can have detrimental effects on beneficial arthropods such as predatory mites. The aim of these trials was to evaluate, for two spray drift reduction techniques: 1) the spatial patterns of in-field droplets, 2) the efficacy against key pests on apple and grape (Cydia pomonella L. and Lobesia botrana Denis & Schiffermüller respectively), 3) the side effects on predatory mite populations. Results showed that the two spray drift reduction techniques effectively increased droplets amounts next to sprayer, reducing potential drift on both apple orchards and vineyards and were generally as effective as standard nozzles without additional side effects on beneficial arthropods. Results suggest that the use of spray drift reduction techniques such as low-drift nozzles and anti-drift adjuvants can be effective in managing key pests and also in decreasing the environmental impact of using insecticides.

Effect of spray drift reduction techniques on pests and predatory mites in orchards and vineyards

MORI, NICOLA;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Spray drift of pesticides has a negative impact on aquatic ecosystems and the environment, including damage to non-target organisms. Particularly, the drift of some insecticides can have detrimental effects on beneficial arthropods such as predatory mites. The aim of these trials was to evaluate, for two spray drift reduction techniques: 1) the spatial patterns of in-field droplets, 2) the efficacy against key pests on apple and grape (Cydia pomonella L. and Lobesia botrana Denis & Schiffermüller respectively), 3) the side effects on predatory mite populations. Results showed that the two spray drift reduction techniques effectively increased droplets amounts next to sprayer, reducing potential drift on both apple orchards and vineyards and were generally as effective as standard nozzles without additional side effects on beneficial arthropods. Results suggest that the use of spray drift reduction techniques such as low-drift nozzles and anti-drift adjuvants can be effective in managing key pests and also in decreasing the environmental impact of using insecticides.
2017
Acari
Arthropoda
Brassica napus
Cydia pomonella
Lobesia botrana
Malus x domestica
Vitaceae
Cydia pomonella
Lobesia botrana
Low-drift nozzles
Oil-based anti-drift adjuvants
Phytoseidae
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Fornasiero et al 2017 Crop Protection.pdf

non disponibili

Dimensione 616.83 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
616.83 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1087928
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact