Background: The anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle has been illustrated in many laboratory investigations, but in vivo reports of the roof anatomy and its variants are still lacking. Objective: To describe the topographical anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle explored through a transaqueductal approach that overcomes cerebrospinal fluid depletion, displaying in vivo anatomic images possibly quite close to normal physiological conditions. Methods: We critically reviewed the intraoperative video recordings of our 838 neuroendoscopic procedures, selecting 27 cases of transaqueductal navigation that provided good quality image details of the anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle. Twenty-six patients affected by different forms of hydrocephalus were therefore categorized into three groups: Group A: blockage of the aqueduct-aqueductoplasty, Group B: communicating hydrocephalus, and Group C: tetraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus. Results: Group A has shown what the roof of a normal fourth ventricle really looks like albeit the structures seemed overcrowded because of the narrow space. Images from groups B and C paradoxically allowed a more distinct identification of the roof structures flattened by ventricular dilation, making them more comparable with the topography traced on the laboratory microsurgical studies. Conclusion: Endoscopic in vivo videos and images provided a novel anatomic view and an in vivo redefinition of the real topography of the roof of the fourth ventricle. The relevant role of cerebrospinal fluid was defined and outlined, as well as the effects of hydrocephalic dilation on some structures on the roof of the fourth ventricle.

The roof of the 4th ventricle seen from inside: endoscopic anatomic illustration. A case series

Feletti, Alberto;Boaro, Alessandro;Sala, Francesco;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: The anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle has been illustrated in many laboratory investigations, but in vivo reports of the roof anatomy and its variants are still lacking. Objective: To describe the topographical anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle explored through a transaqueductal approach that overcomes cerebrospinal fluid depletion, displaying in vivo anatomic images possibly quite close to normal physiological conditions. Methods: We critically reviewed the intraoperative video recordings of our 838 neuroendoscopic procedures, selecting 27 cases of transaqueductal navigation that provided good quality image details of the anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle. Twenty-six patients affected by different forms of hydrocephalus were therefore categorized into three groups: Group A: blockage of the aqueduct-aqueductoplasty, Group B: communicating hydrocephalus, and Group C: tetraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus. Results: Group A has shown what the roof of a normal fourth ventricle really looks like albeit the structures seemed overcrowded because of the narrow space. Images from groups B and C paradoxically allowed a more distinct identification of the roof structures flattened by ventricular dilation, making them more comparable with the topography traced on the laboratory microsurgical studies. Conclusion: Endoscopic in vivo videos and images provided a novel anatomic view and an in vivo redefinition of the real topography of the roof of the fourth ventricle. The relevant role of cerebrospinal fluid was defined and outlined, as well as the effects of hydrocephalic dilation on some structures on the roof of the fourth ventricle.
2023
Hydrocephalus
Neuroendoscopy
Roof of the fourth ventricle
Telovelar approach
Endoscopic anatomy of the fourth ventricle
Case series
Flocculonodular lobe
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1087586
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact