Agricultural soils generally have a low content of organic matter, which affects soil fertility and hence crop yields. The use of olive pomace as an organic amendment could enhance soil properties due to its high content of organic matter and exchangeable cations as well as its extensive availability. However, little is known about the potentially detrimental effects of salts and high content of phenolic substances that might occur over time with the use of pomace amendment in agricultural soils. Similarly, its impact on microbial communities and enzyme activities is largely unknown. To ascertain these effects, we tested the response of soil enzyme activities (β-glucosidase, urease, acid phosphomonoesterase and dehydrogenase) starting from a long-term (8-year) previously amended soil and a control (non-amended) soil and exposing these soils to a short-term (12-week) laboratory experiment. We also focused on soil organic matter and mineral N, on relating enzymatic data to bacterial and fungal biomasses, and on an index for soil functional quality based on enzyme activities (AI3). Our results show that organic matter, enzyme activities and the soil quality index were improved by long-term treatment with olive pomace, contrasting with scant effects from short-term laboratory incubation. In spite of its high content in salts and phenolic substances, no detectable negative impact emerged from the use of this amendment. Overall, olive pomace clearly increased soil organic matter and improved soil biological activity and quality, without any detectable negative effects

Effects of olive pomace amendment on soil enzyme activities

Tiziana Danise;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Agricultural soils generally have a low content of organic matter, which affects soil fertility and hence crop yields. The use of olive pomace as an organic amendment could enhance soil properties due to its high content of organic matter and exchangeable cations as well as its extensive availability. However, little is known about the potentially detrimental effects of salts and high content of phenolic substances that might occur over time with the use of pomace amendment in agricultural soils. Similarly, its impact on microbial communities and enzyme activities is largely unknown. To ascertain these effects, we tested the response of soil enzyme activities (β-glucosidase, urease, acid phosphomonoesterase and dehydrogenase) starting from a long-term (8-year) previously amended soil and a control (non-amended) soil and exposing these soils to a short-term (12-week) laboratory experiment. We also focused on soil organic matter and mineral N, on relating enzymatic data to bacterial and fungal biomasses, and on an index for soil functional quality based on enzyme activities (AI3). Our results show that organic matter, enzyme activities and the soil quality index were improved by long-term treatment with olive pomace, contrasting with scant effects from short-term laboratory incubation. In spite of its high content in salts and phenolic substances, no detectable negative impact emerged from the use of this amendment. Overall, olive pomace clearly increased soil organic matter and improved soil biological activity and quality, without any detectable negative effects
2017
AI3, olive pomace, organic amendment, soil enzymes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1087379
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