: The extent of resection beyond the enhancing core (EC) in glioblastoma IDH-wild type (GBM, IDHwt) is one of the most debated topics in neuro-oncology. Indeed, it has been demonstrated that local disease recurrence often arises in peritumoral areas and that radiologically-defined FLAIR hyperintensity areas of GBM IDHwt are often visible beyond the conventional EC. Therefore, the need to extend the surgical resection also to the FLAIR hyperintensity areas is a matter of debate. Since little is known about the histological composition of FLAIR hyperintensity regions, in this study we aimed to provide a comprehensive description of the histological features of EC and FLAIR hyperintensity regions sampled intraoperatively using neuronavigation and 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence, in 33 patients with GBM, IDHwt. Assessing a total 109 histological samples, we found that FLAIR areas consisted in: (i) fragments of white matter focally to diffusely infiltrated by tumor cells in 76% of cases; (ii) a mixture of white matter with reactive astrogliosis and grey matter with perineuronal satellitosis in 15% and (iii) tumor tissue in 9%. A deeper knowledge of the histology of FLAIR hyperintensity areas in GBM, IDH-wt may serve to better guide neurosurgeons on the choice of the most appropriate surgical approach in patients with this neoplasm.

Histologic Definition of Enhancing Core and FLAIR Hyperintensity Region of Glioblastoma, IDH-Wild Type: A Clinico-Pathologic Study on a Single-Institution Series

Barresi, Valeria;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: The extent of resection beyond the enhancing core (EC) in glioblastoma IDH-wild type (GBM, IDHwt) is one of the most debated topics in neuro-oncology. Indeed, it has been demonstrated that local disease recurrence often arises in peritumoral areas and that radiologically-defined FLAIR hyperintensity areas of GBM IDHwt are often visible beyond the conventional EC. Therefore, the need to extend the surgical resection also to the FLAIR hyperintensity areas is a matter of debate. Since little is known about the histological composition of FLAIR hyperintensity regions, in this study we aimed to provide a comprehensive description of the histological features of EC and FLAIR hyperintensity regions sampled intraoperatively using neuronavigation and 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence, in 33 patients with GBM, IDHwt. Assessing a total 109 histological samples, we found that FLAIR areas consisted in: (i) fragments of white matter focally to diffusely infiltrated by tumor cells in 76% of cases; (ii) a mixture of white matter with reactive astrogliosis and grey matter with perineuronal satellitosis in 15% and (iii) tumor tissue in 9%. A deeper knowledge of the histology of FLAIR hyperintensity areas in GBM, IDH-wt may serve to better guide neurosurgeons on the choice of the most appropriate surgical approach in patients with this neoplasm.
2023
FLAIR; enhancing core; glioblastoma; histopathology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1086867
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