Intrathecal inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). To better elucidate its relationship with peripheral inflammation, we investigated the correlation between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of 61 inflammatory proteins. Paired CSF and serum samples were collected from 143 treatment-naïve MS patients at diagnosis. A customized panel of 61 inflammatory molecules was analyzed by a multiplex immunoassay. Correlations between serum and CSF expression levels for each molecule were performed by Spearman's method. The expression of sixteen CSF proteins correlated with their serum expression (p-value < 0.001): only five molecules (CXCL9, sTNFR2, IFNα2, Pentraxin-3, and TSLP) showed a Rho value >0.40, suggesting moderate CSF/serum correlation. No correlation between inflammatory serum patterns and Qalb was observed. Correlation analysis of serum expression levels of these sixteen proteins with clinical and MRI parameters pinpointed a subset of five molecules (CXCL9, sTNFR2, IFNα2, IFNβ, and TSLP) negatively correlating with spinal cord lesion volume. However, following FDR correction, only the correlation of CXCL9 remained significant. Our data support the hypothesis that the intrathecal inflammation in MS only partially associates with the peripheral one, except for the expression of some immunomodulators that might have a key role in the initial MS immune response.

Intrathecal versus peripheral inflammatory protein profile in MS patients at diagnosis: a comprehensive investigation on serum and CSF

Pezzini, Francesco;Mazziotti, Valentina;Marastoni, Damiano;Tamanti, Agnese;Magliozzi, Roberta
;
Calabrese, Massimiliano
2023-01-01

Abstract

Intrathecal inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). To better elucidate its relationship with peripheral inflammation, we investigated the correlation between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of 61 inflammatory proteins. Paired CSF and serum samples were collected from 143 treatment-naïve MS patients at diagnosis. A customized panel of 61 inflammatory molecules was analyzed by a multiplex immunoassay. Correlations between serum and CSF expression levels for each molecule were performed by Spearman's method. The expression of sixteen CSF proteins correlated with their serum expression (p-value < 0.001): only five molecules (CXCL9, sTNFR2, IFNα2, Pentraxin-3, and TSLP) showed a Rho value >0.40, suggesting moderate CSF/serum correlation. No correlation between inflammatory serum patterns and Qalb was observed. Correlation analysis of serum expression levels of these sixteen proteins with clinical and MRI parameters pinpointed a subset of five molecules (CXCL9, sTNFR2, IFNα2, IFNβ, and TSLP) negatively correlating with spinal cord lesion volume. However, following FDR correction, only the correlation of CXCL9 remained significant. Our data support the hypothesis that the intrathecal inflammation in MS only partially associates with the peripheral one, except for the expression of some immunomodulators that might have a key role in the initial MS immune response.
2023
CSF and serum
biomarkers
inflammation
multiple sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1086631
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