: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the best cut-off of HbA1c for detection of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), beta-cell impairment and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) profile in overweight or obese (OW/OB) Caucasian youths. Two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was available in 1549 youths, one-hour glucose (G60) in 1430 youths and disposition index (DI) in 972 youths. Insulin resistance (IR) was calculated as Homeostatic Model Assessment for IR and insulin sensitivity (IS) as 1/fasting insulin. High G60 was defined by a value ≥ 133 mg/dL. The best cut-off of HbA1c for IFG or IGT was 5.5%. The frequency of individuals with HbA1c ≥ 5.5% was 32.5%, compared to 16.3% with HbA1c ≥ 5.7% (as proposed by the American Diabetes Association). HbA1c ≥ 5.5% showed higher sensitivity and lower specificity with respect to HbA1c ≥ 5.7% for all the abnormalities examined (IFG, IGT, high G60, IR, low IS, DI and CMR factors). In conclusion, this lower cut-off might represent a more appropriate screening marker of glucose dysmetabolism in youths with OW/OB. Prospective studies are needed to validate this cut-off for predicting prediabetes/diabetes in youths with OW/OB.

Which Is the Most Appropriate Cut-Off of HbA1c for Prediabetes Screening in Caucasian Youths with Overweight or Obesity?

Anita Morandi;Claudio Maffeis;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the best cut-off of HbA1c for detection of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), beta-cell impairment and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) profile in overweight or obese (OW/OB) Caucasian youths. Two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was available in 1549 youths, one-hour glucose (G60) in 1430 youths and disposition index (DI) in 972 youths. Insulin resistance (IR) was calculated as Homeostatic Model Assessment for IR and insulin sensitivity (IS) as 1/fasting insulin. High G60 was defined by a value ≥ 133 mg/dL. The best cut-off of HbA1c for IFG or IGT was 5.5%. The frequency of individuals with HbA1c ≥ 5.5% was 32.5%, compared to 16.3% with HbA1c ≥ 5.7% (as proposed by the American Diabetes Association). HbA1c ≥ 5.5% showed higher sensitivity and lower specificity with respect to HbA1c ≥ 5.7% for all the abnormalities examined (IFG, IGT, high G60, IR, low IS, DI and CMR factors). In conclusion, this lower cut-off might represent a more appropriate screening marker of glucose dysmetabolism in youths with OW/OB. Prospective studies are needed to validate this cut-off for predicting prediabetes/diabetes in youths with OW/OB.
2023
disposition index
glycated hemoglobin A1c
insulin resistance
insulin sensitivity
pediatric obesity
prediabetes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1085368
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