: It is still a matter of debate which is the most suitable diagnostic test for risk-based screening of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. This review highlighted benefits and pitfalls of currently recommended screening tools (Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)). The greatest advantage of OGTT is the ability to detect people with impaired glucose tolerance, a subcategory at high-risk of developing both T2D and cardiovascular disease. Important disadvantages are low reproducibility and inconvenience. FPG measurement is more practical, as it needs only one blood draw, although both OGTT and FPG require fasting. The reliability of HbA1c as a screening tool has been questioned, especially in children and adolescents, but its undeniable convenience can lead to increased adherence to screening. In contrast, it can be altered by several non-glycemic factors. Importantly, none of these tests have been validated in the pediatric population. Alternative tests have been recently proposed, including new OGTT-derived biomarkers and additional non-fasting glycemic markers. In conclusion, when choosing the most suitable test in clinical practice, advantages and disadvantages should be considered, as well as the possibility of performing different tests at once.

Pros and cons of current diagnostic tools for risk-based screening of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity

Chiara Garonzi;Alice Maguolo;Claudio Maffeis
2023-01-01

Abstract

: It is still a matter of debate which is the most suitable diagnostic test for risk-based screening of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. This review highlighted benefits and pitfalls of currently recommended screening tools (Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)). The greatest advantage of OGTT is the ability to detect people with impaired glucose tolerance, a subcategory at high-risk of developing both T2D and cardiovascular disease. Important disadvantages are low reproducibility and inconvenience. FPG measurement is more practical, as it needs only one blood draw, although both OGTT and FPG require fasting. The reliability of HbA1c as a screening tool has been questioned, especially in children and adolescents, but its undeniable convenience can lead to increased adherence to screening. In contrast, it can be altered by several non-glycemic factors. Importantly, none of these tests have been validated in the pediatric population. Alternative tests have been recently proposed, including new OGTT-derived biomarkers and additional non-fasting glycemic markers. In conclusion, when choosing the most suitable test in clinical practice, advantages and disadvantages should be considered, as well as the possibility of performing different tests at once.
2023
type 2 diabetes
children
obesity
overweight
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1085367
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