Objectives: Hyperkalaemic depolarized myocardial arrest is the cornerstone of myocardial protection, although some potassium-related cytotoxicity has been demonstrated. Polarized arrest has gained interest because of a reported better myocardial protection in preclinical studies. The goal of this study was to analyse the quality of myocardial protection and hospital outcome after normokalaemic adenosine-lidocaine-magnesium (ALM) blood polarizing cardioplegia, compared to hyperkalaemic blood Buckberg depolarizing cardioplegia, in elective routine adult cardiac surgery. Methods: One thousand consecutive elective adult cardiac patients [627 undergoing ALM-polarizing cardioplegia (ALM-POL) vs 373 Buckberg depolarized cardioplegia (BUCK-DEPOL)] who were operated on were analysed. Perioperative leakage of high-sensitivity troponin I (Hs-TnI), peripheral lactate, inotropic and vasoactive daily requirement [maximal vasoactive inotropic score (VISMAX)], hospital mortality and morbidity were collected and compared in the overall population and in the propensity score (PS) matched population (206 pairs). Results: A significantly lower leakage of Hs-TnI during hospitalization was detected in patients receiving ALM-POL versus those receiving BUCK-DEPOL (group time P < 0.001 for overall population and PS matched pairs). The maximum value of postoperative Hs-TnI was also lower after ALM-POL (P < 0.001 in both cohorts), and spontaneous recovery of sinus rhythm at aortic declamping was higher (P < 0.001 in favour of ALM-POL). Maximal VISMAX during hospitalization was significantly higher after BUCK-DEPOL in both cohorts (P = 0.019 for overall population; P = 0.031 for PS matched population), with significantly higher VISMAX on the day of surgery in BUCK-DEPOL PS matched patients (P = 0.042). No other significant differences in hospital morbidity and mortality were found. Conclusions: Despite comparable short-term clinical outcomes, ALM-POL cardioplegia proved superior in terms of quality of myocardial protection compared to BUCK-DEPOL cardioplegia in elective routine adult cardiac surgery.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.