Objective: The study objective was to evaluate the surgical results in patients with acute type A aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion. Methods: From 2000 to 2019, 234 patients with type A aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion were stratified into 3 groups: 50 (21%) with syncope (group 1), 152 (65%) with persistent loss of focal neurological function (group 2), and 32 (14%) with coma (group 3). Results were evaluated and compared by univariable and multivariable analyses. Results: Median age was higher in group 1, and incidence of cardiogenic shock was higher in group 3. The femoral artery was the most common cannulation site, whereas the axillary artery was used in 18% of group 1, 30% of group 2, and 25% of group 3 patients (P = .337). Antegrade cerebral perfusion was performed in more than 80% of patients, and ascending aorta/arch replacement was performed in 40% of group 1, 27% of group 2, and 31% of group 3 (P = .21). In-hospital mortality was 18% in group 1, 27% in group 2, and 56% in group 3 (P = .001). Survival at 5 years is 57.0% in group 1, 57.7% in group 2, and 38.7% in group 3 (P = .0005). On multivariable analysis, age, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and group 3 versus group 2 were independent risk factors for mortality, whereas axillary cannulation was a protective factor. Conclusions: Patients with aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion without preoperative coma showed acceptable mortality, and those with coma had a high in-hospital mortality regardless of the type of brain protection. Overall axillary artery cannulation appeared to be a protective factor.

Surgical management and outcomes in patients with acute type A aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion

Piani, Daniela
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Onorati, Francesco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
D'Onofrio, Augusto
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gatti, Giuseppe
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Faggian, Giuseppe
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: The study objective was to evaluate the surgical results in patients with acute type A aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion. Methods: From 2000 to 2019, 234 patients with type A aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion were stratified into 3 groups: 50 (21%) with syncope (group 1), 152 (65%) with persistent loss of focal neurological function (group 2), and 32 (14%) with coma (group 3). Results were evaluated and compared by univariable and multivariable analyses. Results: Median age was higher in group 1, and incidence of cardiogenic shock was higher in group 3. The femoral artery was the most common cannulation site, whereas the axillary artery was used in 18% of group 1, 30% of group 2, and 25% of group 3 patients (P = .337). Antegrade cerebral perfusion was performed in more than 80% of patients, and ascending aorta/arch replacement was performed in 40% of group 1, 27% of group 2, and 31% of group 3 (P = .21). In-hospital mortality was 18% in group 1, 27% in group 2, and 56% in group 3 (P = .001). Survival at 5 years is 57.0% in group 1, 57.7% in group 2, and 38.7% in group 3 (P = .0005). On multivariable analysis, age, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and group 3 versus group 2 were independent risk factors for mortality, whereas axillary cannulation was a protective factor. Conclusions: Patients with aortic dissection and cerebral malperfusion without preoperative coma showed acceptable mortality, and those with coma had a high in-hospital mortality regardless of the type of brain protection. Overall axillary artery cannulation appeared to be a protective factor.
2022
A-AAD, type A acute aortic dissection
CI, confidence interval
CM, cerebral malperfusion
CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass
CT, computed tomography
ET, elephant trunk
OR, odds ratio
PND, permanent neurological deficit
SAB, supra-aortic branch
acute aortic dissection
axillary artery
cerebral malperfusion
neurological deficit
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1085309
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