Background: The long-term outcomes following surgical resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains poor, with only 20% of patients surviving 5 years after pancreatectomy. Patient selection for surgery remains suboptimal largely due to the absence of consideration of aggressive tumor biology. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate traditional staging criteria for PDAC in the setting of molecular subtypes. Methods: Clinicopathological data were obtained for 5 independent cohorts of consecutive unselected patients, totaling n = 1298, including n = 442 that underwent molecular subtyping. The main outcome measure was disease-specific survival following surgical resection for PDAC stratified according to the American Joint Commission for Cancer (TNM) staging criteria, margin status, and molecular subtype. Results: TNM staging criteria and margin status confers prognostic value only in tumors with classical pancreatic subtype. Patients with tumors that are of squamous subtype, have a poor outcome irrespective of favorable traditional pathological staging [hazard ratio (HR) 1.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-2.28, P = 0.032]. Margin status has no impact on survival in the squamous subtype (16.0 vs 12.1 months, P = 0.374). There were no differences in molecular subtype or gene expression of tumors with positive resection margin status. Conclusions: Aggressive tumor biology as measured by molecular subtype predicts poor outcome following pancreatectomy for PDAC and should be utilized to inform patient selection for surgery.

The Impact of Molecular Subtyping on Pathological Staging of Pancreatic Cancer

Pea, Antonio;Lawlor, Rita T;Scarpa, Aldo;Salvia, Roberto;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: The long-term outcomes following surgical resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains poor, with only 20% of patients surviving 5 years after pancreatectomy. Patient selection for surgery remains suboptimal largely due to the absence of consideration of aggressive tumor biology. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate traditional staging criteria for PDAC in the setting of molecular subtypes. Methods: Clinicopathological data were obtained for 5 independent cohorts of consecutive unselected patients, totaling n = 1298, including n = 442 that underwent molecular subtyping. The main outcome measure was disease-specific survival following surgical resection for PDAC stratified according to the American Joint Commission for Cancer (TNM) staging criteria, margin status, and molecular subtype. Results: TNM staging criteria and margin status confers prognostic value only in tumors with classical pancreatic subtype. Patients with tumors that are of squamous subtype, have a poor outcome irrespective of favorable traditional pathological staging [hazard ratio (HR) 1.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-2.28, P = 0.032]. Margin status has no impact on survival in the squamous subtype (16.0 vs 12.1 months, P = 0.374). There were no differences in molecular subtype or gene expression of tumors with positive resection margin status. Conclusions: Aggressive tumor biology as measured by molecular subtype predicts poor outcome following pancreatectomy for PDAC and should be utilized to inform patient selection for surgery.
2023
cancer staging, molecular subtyping, pancreatic cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1084727
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